Robert Alexander Habersham (September 7, 1838 - April 15, 1921) was a civil and military engineer active in Washington and Oregon in the mid to late 19th century. Habersham was born in Habersham County, Georgia (named after his ancestors), where he was a descendent of Revolutionary War veteran James Habersham. It is unclear where he was educated as an engineer, but he worked as an engineer in Brazil on the Dom Pedro II railroad, during which time he met and married Mariquinha Dos Reis. In the 1870s he was in the U.S. Army, serving as an engineer with the rank of 2nd Lieutenant in the 1st Cavalry. He worked in the Portland Office of the Army Corps of Engineers, achieving the rank of general. From 1896, he served two terms as United States Surveyor General of Oregon. Among his more notable work was the 1874 survey of the Cascades of the Columbia River, for which he served as chief of the party. Later in life (after 1914), Habersham relocated to his wife's hometown in Brazil. He died in São Paulo, Brazil, in 1921 and is buried in the Araça cemetery. He is known for detailed and significant maps of Oregon, Washington, and Alaska.

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