Anton Kilp (18-- - 1876) was a German-American cartographer who fought in the American Civil War. Kilp and his wife Franciska fled Germany in 1849 and came to the United States. He joined the Union army and reached the rank of Captain before the end of the war. He served mainly as a cartographer and as an aide to General Peter Osterhaus, another German refugee. He and his wife moved to Washington, D.C. after the war, where Kilp found a job as a cartographer with the U.S. Land Office, where he worked until his death. The Kilps had at least two daughters, Mim and Pauline.