Christoph Gottlieb von Murr (August 6, 1733 – April 8, 1811) was German polymath and scholar, living and working in Nuremberg. A historian and magistrate, he was prolific in print, appearing in many journals during his life. His writings extended to natural science, art history, and on the history of early libraries and books, both manuscripts and incunables. He was a vigorous correspondent and maintained a large library of his own. His early life is not known; he studied at was for the law, on its completion he instead began work as a historian. Many of his published works focused on the history of his native city, as well as its literature and art. Though himself a Protestant, he had become familiar with the Jesuits and wrote about the order and its 1773 suppression. He also reprinted, in 1790, Michael Servetus’ banned 1553 work Christianismi restitutio, burned when its author was condemned to the stake. He published in 1778 – and then continued to publish, in various journals and in several languages – a detailed refutation of the claims (initially floated by the 17th century historian Wagenseil) that Martin Behaim, and not Columbus and Vespucci, had been the first European discoverer of the Americas. It was in the service of this article, in its many translations, that von Murr produced what remains the first large-scale reproduction of part of the famous Behaim globe, and the only such available to today’s collector.

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