Japan Publishing Distribution Company (日本出版配給株式會社; 1941 - 1949) was a public corporation formed by the wartime consolidation of more than 240 publishing agencies by the Japanese militarist government. The company was preceded and overseen by the Japan Publishing Culture Association (日本出版文化協会), a government effort to better censor and control publications. After the war, the company tried to reestablish itself as a private enterprise, but was closed by the U.S. Occupation authorities in 1949 and split into four companies, (Osakaya 大阪屋, Nihon Shuppan Hanbai 日本出版販売, Japan Textbook 日本教科図書販売, and Tohan 東京出版販売), all of which remain in operation today.