Ermete Pierotti (fl. c. 1840 - 1875) was an Italian architect, mathematician, and engineer from Modena. Pierotti was the Commandant of the Italian Army Engineers (Genie Italien). From 1854 to 1861 he was assigned to Mustapha Surayya, the Ottoman Governor of Jerusalem. His assignment, which took him throughout Palestine, was to improve roadways and infrastructure in the region. In the process Pierotti composes several books on the culture, topography, and inhabitants of Palestine. He later retired to Paris, where is set up a small publishing concern.