Sir William Turner (January 7, 1832 - February 15, 1916) was an English anatomist and served as the Principal of the University of Edinburgh from 1903 to 1916. Turner received an education as various private schools around England before studying medicine at St. Bartholomew's Hospital. He graduated M.B. from the University of London. Turner became a senior demonstrator in anatomy at the University of Edinburgh in 1854 and was appointed Professor of Anatomy at the University of Edinburgh in 1867. From 1898 until 1904, Turner served as the president of the General Medical Council, and was named president of the British Association in 1900. He also served as President of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland from 1890 until 1893. Turner married Agnes Logan, with whom he had two daughters, Margaret Constance and Agnes Amy.