Thomas Woodroofe (fl. 1740 - 1745) was an English sea captain, whose travels in the Caspian Sea on behalf of the British Russia Company were brought to light in Jonas Hanway's 'An Historical Account of the British Trade over the Caspian Sea.' Woodroofe's adventures on the Caspian would have been entirely lost to posterity were part of his journals not reproduced in Hanway's work, along with a superbly detailed chart of the relevant sea. Engraved by John Gibson and published in Hanway's 'An Historical Account,' the details of the chart are credited both to Woodroofe and his superior officer, John Elton.