James White Steel (April 27, 1799 - February 16, 1882) was an American engraver, landscape artist, and portraitist active in Philadelphia throughout most of the 19th century. Steel was born in Philadelphia and mastered line and stipple engraving under Benjamin Tanner (1775 - c. 1846) and George Murray. In addition to his own work, he engraved for B. Tanner's brother, Henry Schenck Tanner (1786 - 1858).