The Constellations (July, August, September).
1856 (dated) 13.5 x 15 in (34.29 x 38.1 cm)
This rare hand colored map of the stars was engraved W. G. Evans of New York for Burritt's 1856 edition of the Atlas to Illustrate the Geography of the Heavens. It represents the northern night sky in the months of July, August and September. Constellations are drawn in detail and include depictions of the Zodiacal figures the stars are said to represent. Included on this chart are Scorpio (the Scorpion), Sagittarius (the Archer), Capricorn (the Goat), Serpentarins (the Serpent Bearer) and Taurus (the Bull). Chart is quartered by lines indicating the Solstitial and Equinoctial Colures. This map, like all of Burritt's charts, is based on the celestial cartographic work of Pardies and Doppelmayr. Dated and copyrighted: 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1856 by F. J. Huntington in the Clerks Office of the District Court of the United States in the Southern District of N. York.'
Elijah Burritt and F. J. Huntington produced their important Burritt's Geography of the Heavens out of their offices in Hartford, Connecticut, from approximately 1833 to 1856. The work, while primarily educational in nature, was the seminal American geography of the period. Much of the nomenclature they developed, especially regarding the visible stars and constellations of the Southern Hemisphere, is still in use today. The Atlas itself consisted of eight charts depicting the Heavens seasonally and hemispherically. Constellations were depicted figurally though only the most important stars were noted. The Geography of the Heavens was the last decorative Celestial reference in the 19th century. Burrit's Geography was among the most prized possessions of fantasy / horror writer H.P. Lovecraft who wrote:
"My maternal grandmother, who died when I was six, was a devoted lover of astronomy, having made that a specialty at Lapham Seminary, where she was educated; and though she never personally showed me the beauties of the skies, it is to her excellent but somewhat obsolete collection of astronomical books that I owe my affection for celestial science. Her copy of Burritt's Geography of the Heavens is today the most prized volume in my library." (to Maurice W. Moe, 1 January 1915)
As a side note Elijah Burritt is the brother of the more famous Elihu Burritt, who was known for his philanthropic and social work.
Very Good. Overall age toning. Minor edge wear near top right margin. Minor spotting over Taurus. Blank on verso.
Rumsey 2853. Kidwell, Peggy Aldrich. 'Elijah Burritt and the 'Geography of the Heavens.'.' Sky & Telescope 69 (Jan 1985).