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1775 Bonne Map of Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, and the Western Amazon


Carte Du Perou ou se trouvent les Audiencees de Quito, Lima et la Plata.
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Title:    Carte Du Perou ou se trouvent les Audiencees de Quito, Lima et la Plata.

Description:    A beautiful example of Jan Janvier's 1762 decorative map of Peru. Covers the western parts of South America from just north of the Equator south as far as the Tropic of Capricorn. Includes the modern day nations of Peru, Ecuador (here called Quito), Bolivia, and parts of adjacent Brazil, Columbia, Chile and Argentina. Offers excellent detail throughout showing mountains, rivers, national boundaries, cities, regions, and tribes.

Curiously, this map identifies the "Ancienne demeure des Manaos". This was once a great trading empire was centered along the Rio Negro in the Amazon Basin. The Manoa traded from Peru to the Orinoco. There were perhaps most famously encountered by Sir Walter Raleigh in Guyana while on an annual trading expedition to the region. Raleigh, seeing the gold artifacts carried by the traders immediately assumed they must be from El Dorado. He asked local tribesmen who they were and where they came from. The locales responded that they crossed a great lake and came from a rich land called Manoa. Though at the time Raleigh did not explore this further, he did later write that he discovered the great city of Manoa, capital of El Dorado, on a vast lake in Guyana. No doubt Raleigh intended to return to South America but was prevented from doing so by his unfortunate beheading back in England. As a result of Raleigh's guess work, the Lake of Parima and city of Manoa would appear for several hundred years on maps of northern South America.

A large decorative title cartouche appears in the lower left quadrant. Drawn by R. Bonne c. 1775 for issue as plate no. B 34 in Jean Lattre's 1776 issue of the Atlas Moderne.


Date:    1775 (undated)

Source:    Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c. 1775.    

References:    Rumsey 2612.078. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.

Cartographer:    Rigobert Bonne (1727-1795 ) was one of the most important cartographers of the late 18th century. In 1773 he succeeded Jacques Bellin as Royal Cartographer to France in the office of the Hydrographer at the Depôt de la Marine. Working in his official capacity Bonne compiled some of the most detailed and accurate maps of the period. Bonne's work represents an important step in the evolution of the cartographic ideology away from the decorative work of the 17th and early 18th century towards a more detail oriented and practical aesthetic. With regard to the rendering of terrain Bonne maps bear many stylistic similarities to those of his predecessor, Bellin. However, Bonne maps generally abandon such common 18th century decorative features such as hand coloring, elaborate decorative cartouches, and compass roses. While mostly focusing on coastal regions, the work of Bonne is highly regarded for its detail, historical importance, and overall aesthetic appeal. Click here for a list of rare maps from Rigobert Bonne.

Cartographer:    Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France. Click here for a list of rare maps by Jean Lattre.

Size:   Printed area measures 13 x 17.75 inches (33.02 x 45.085 centimeters)

Condition:    Very good condition. Original centerfold exhibits minor toning. Blank on verso.

Code:   PeruQuito-bonne-1775 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)


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