Bird's Eye View of the City of Portland Maine, 1876.
1876 (dated) 24.5 x 34.25 in (62.23 x 86.995 cm)
An exceptional 1876 Bird's-Eye View Map of Portland, Maine, by Joseph Warner. One of only three known views by Warner, this is a dramatic aerial view of Portland as seen from the east looking west. The cartographer has identified some 90 locations, including hotels, civic buildings, transport hubs, and businesses. Following the destruction of much of Portland in the Great Fire of 1866, the city enjoyed a remarkable resurgence. By 1870 Portland's population had increased to about 31,500 citizens, and six years later, when Warner visited to draw this view, had become a bustling metropolis and lively port. This view was drawn by Joseph Warner and published by J. J. Stoner. It was printed by Charles Shober and Company, Lithographers, Chicago. Today this view is extremely rare with only three known examples residing in institutional collections and one further known example in private hands.
Joseph Warner (fl. c. 1876 - c. 1908) was an American bird's-eye view artist and publisher active in the late 19th century. Warner appears to have worked with the prolific view artist Albert Ruger. Little is known of Warner's life and only three known views bear his imprint: Portland, Maine; Fenton, Michigan; and Zeeland, Michigan. Two of these were published by Joseph Stoner. He is further known to have worked as an agent for Ruger in the publication of Ruger's 1879 view of East Saginaw. Little else is known of his life or work.
Joseph John Stoner (December 21 1829 - May, 1917) was a Madison, Wisconsin based publisher of bird's-eye city views active in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Stoner was born in Highspire, Pennsylvania and apprenticed as a carver of ornamental chairs before turning to publishing. He partnered with the bookseller Ephraim T. Kellogg of Madison, Wisconsin, for whom he was a traveling agent. His career in views began around 1867 when he met and befriended the bird's-eye view artist Albert Ruger, who was sketching Madison that year. Ruger and Stoner partnered and began publishing city views under the imprint 'Ruger & Stoner.' The partners traveled extensively through the Midwest publishing some 11 city views under their joint imprint - although there may be as many as 62 others unattributed. The partnership partially dissolved in 1872 although they continued to work together on a contractual basis. Stoner subsequently traveled even more extensively hiring young artists to sketch city views in such wide ranging destinations as Texas, Maine, and Oregon, among others. He produced a total of some 314 views with various artists including: Albert Ruger, Herman Brosius, Thaddeus M. Fowler, Augustus Koch, Albert F. Poole, Henry Wellge, Joseph Warner, Camille N. Drie (Dry). Stoner died in Berkeley California in 1917.
Good. Professioanlly restored. Left and right margin trimmed to neat line. Backed on archival tissue. Minor inpainting. Use zoom feature to study image.
Reps, John, Views and Viewmakrs of Urban America (University of Missour, Columbia, 1984), #1238. Boston Public Library. G3734.P8A3 1876 .W3. OCLC 5447760. Library of Congress, Map Division, G3734.P8A3 1876 .W3.