John Charles Frémont (January 21, 1813 - July 13, 1890) was an American military officer, politician, and explorer. Fremont was born in Savannah, Georgia. A man of adventure, Frémont led several expeditions into the American West in the 1840s, earning the nickname 'The Pathfinder.' His explorations, documented in reports and maps, significantly contributed to the understanding of the western United States and were instrumental in guiding settlers to the region. Frémont's military career was marked by his role in the Bear Flag Revolt (June 1846), leading to the annexation of California as part of the United States. In politics, he was a prominent figure in the early Republican Party and was its first presidential candidate in 1856, though he was unsuccessful in his bid. His later life was marred by controversy and financial troubles, but his early contributions to the exploration and expansion of the American West cemented his place in U.S. history. He died in 1890 in New York City.

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