Cornelius Tiebout (1773 - 1830) was an American engraver of portraits and maps, and is possibly the first American born engraver. He is credited with engraving most of the maps for Christopher Colles' 1789-1790 A Survey of the Roads of the United States of America and for introducing English stippled portraiture to America. Tiebout was born to Tunis Tiebout and Elizbeth Lamb in New York City. He was initially apprenticed as a silversmith and began engraving on copper to make extra money. As early as 1789 he was working with Christopher Colles on various projects including A Survey of the Roads of the United States of America. In 1790, Tiebout had a falling out with Coles, abounded the incomplete road book project, and took work engraving for New York Magazine and Brown' Family Bible. Early in 1795, Tiebout traveled to London where he studied English stipple engraving under James Heath. Returning to New York the following year, 1796, he completed a stipple engraving of John Jay, the first strong example of that style by an American, establishing his reputation as a portraitist. Tiebout remained as an engraver in New York until 1799, after which he relocated to Philadelphia where he achieved some success selling portrait prints, becoming in the process wealthy. Unfortunately for Tiebout, in 1825 most of his riches were lost in a failed business venture of uncertain aspect. Shortly after his financial collapse, Tiebout relocated to Kentucky, where he died around 1830 - 1832. Tiebout maintained offices in New York at 24 Holden Hill and 273 Pearl Street.