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1856 Burritt - Huntington Chart of Comets, Star Clusters, Galaxies, and Nebulae


Clusters, Nebulae, and Comets.
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Title:    Clusters, Nebulae, and Comets.

Description:    This rare chart of comets, star clusters and nebula was engraved W. G. Evans of New York for Burritt’s Atlas to Illustrate the Geography of the Heavens. Notes several important comets recorded in the previous 300 years including the Comet of 1689, the Comet of 1744, The Great Comet of 1680, the Great Comet of 1811, Halley’s Cement, the Great Comet of 119 and the Comet of 1843. Also shows several well-known nebulas including the Horse Shoe Nebula, the Spiral Nebula and the Dumb Bell Nebula. This unusual chart appeared in the 1856 edition of Burritt’s Atlas to Illustrate the Geography of the Heavens and was not present in earlier editions.

Date:    1856

Source:    Burritt, E., Atlas Designed to Illustrate Burritt's Geography of the Heavens, 1856 edition.    

References:    Kanas, N., Star Maps, p. 277-78. Kidwell, Peggy Aldrich. "Elijah Burritt and the 'Geography of the Heavens.'." Sky & Telescope 69 (Jan 1985).

Cartographer:    Elijah Burritt and F. J. Huntington produced their important Burritt's Geography of the Heavens out of their offices in Hartford, Connecticut, from approximately 1833 to 1856. The work, while primarily educational in nature, was the seminal American geography of the period. Much of the nomenclature they developed, especially regarding the visible stars and constellations of the Southern Hemisphere, is still in use today. The Atlas itself consisted of eight charts depicting the Heavens seasonally and hemispherically. Constellations were depicted figurally though only the most important stars were noted. The Geography of the Heavens was the last decorative Celestial reference in the 19th century. Burrit's Geography was among the most prized possessions of fantasy / horror writer H.P. Lovecraft who wrote:
"My maternal grandmother, who died when I was six, was a devoted lover of astronomy, having made that a specialty at Lapham Seminary, where she was educated; and though she never personally showed me the beauties of the skies, it is to her excellent but somewhat obsolete collection of astronomical books that I owe my affection for celestial science. Her copy of Burritt's Geography of the Heavens is today the most prized volume in my library." (to Maurice W. Moe, 1 January 1915)
As a side note Elijah Burritt is the brother of the more famous Elihu Burritt, who was known for his philanthropic and social work. Click here for a list of rare maps from Elijah Burritt and F. J. Huntington.

Size:   Printed area measures 13.5 x 14.5 inches (34.29 x 36.83 centimeters)

Condition:    Very Good condition. Minor overall toning and offsetting. Blank on verso.

Code:   Comets2-burritt-1856 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)


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