1658 Sanson Map of the Island of Sardinia, Italy
Description: This is an attractive map of the island of Sardinia, Italy by Nicholas Sanson dating to 1658. It covers the entire island in extraordinary detail offering both topographical and political information with mountains beautifully rendered in profile.
At the time this map was made, Sardinia was part of the Kingdom of Sardinia under the Spanish Habsburg dynasty. The region at the time was also a hotbed of piracy - much like the Somali coast today. The Barbary Pirates disrupted trade in this region from the Crusades to the early 19th century. They would attack trading ships passing through the narrow Gibraltar straits and western Mediterranean. Ships would be destroyed or appropriated, cargo sized, and the crews and passengers enslaved.
This map was created by Nicholas Sanson in 1658.
Date: 1658 (undated)
Cartographer: Nicholas Sanson (1600 - 1667) and his descendents were important French cartographer's active through the 17th century. Sanson started his career as a historian where, it is said, he turned to cartography as a way to illustrate his historical studies. In the course of his research some of his fine maps came to the attention of King Louis XIII who, admiring the quality of his work, appointed Sanson "Geographe Ordinaire du Roi". Sanson's duties in this coved position included advising the King on matters of Geography and compiling the royal cartographic archive. Sanson's corpus of some three hundred maps initiated the golden age of French Cartography. He is most admired for his construction of the magnificent atlas Cartes Generales de Toutes les Parties du Monde. Sanson's maps of North America, Amerique Septentrionale (1650) and La Canada ou Nouvelle France (1656) are exceptionally notable for their important contributions to the cartographic perceptions of the New World. Both maps utilize the discoveries of important French missionaries to the interior and are among the first published maps to show the Great Lakes in recognizable form. Sanson was also an active proponent of the Insular California theory, wherein it was speculated that California was an island rather than an peninsula. After his death, Sanson's cartographic work was carried on by his sons, Guillaume (? - 1703) and Adrien Sanson (? - 1708), as well as by A. H. Jaillot and Pierre Duval, with whom the partnered. Click here for a list of rare maps from Nicholas Sanson.
Size: Printed area measures 12.5 x 16 inches (31.75 x 40.64 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 650000
Condition: Very good. Original platemark visible. Minor wear along fold line near left border. Blank on verso.
Code: IsleRoymeSardaigne-sanson-1658 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: Sanson , Barbary Pirates