A Chart of the Maderas and Canary Islands.
1794 (dated) 26 x 19.5 in (66.04 x 49.53 cm)
1 : 1540000
This is a fine example of Laurie and Whittle's 1794 nautical chart or maritime map of Madeira, the Savages, and the Canary Islands. The map covers from the island of Porto Santo and Madeira, southwards as far as the Cape Bojador on the Azanaga Coast of Africa, inclusive of the Canary Islands. There are eight land profile charts focusing on Porto Santo and the Savages. There is also an attractive view of the port city of Santa Cruz on Tenerife. Secondary detail charts focus on E. Rio Harbor, Puerto de Naos, Puerto Cavallo, and the Isle of Lazarote. Madeira, Porto Santo, and the Savages are autonomous regions of Portugal. The Canary Islands are administered by Spain.
Laurie and Whittle prepared this chart for their 1799 issue of the East-India Pilot. Though most charts in the East-India Pilot were derived from earlier maps prepared for Jean-Baptiste d'Apres de MannevilletteÂ's 1745 Neptune Oriental, this particular chart is a new production first issued by Robert Sayer for his West India Atlas. The map offers rich detail including countless depth soundings, notes on the sea floor, commentary on reefs, rhumb lines, shoals, place names and a wealth of other practical information for the mariner. This map was registered by Laurie and Whittle from their offices at 53 Fleet Street, London, on May 12, 1794.
Laurie and Whittle (fl. 1794 - 1858) were London, England, based map and atlas publishers active in the late 18th and early 19th century. Generally considered to be the successors to the Robert Sayer firm, Laurie and Whittle was founded by Robert Laurie (c. 1755 - 1836) and James Whittle (1757-1818). Robert Laurie was a skilled mezzotint engraver and is known to have worked with Robert Sayer on numerous projects. James Whittle was a well-known London socialite and print seller whose Fleet Street shop was a popular haunt for intellectual luminaries. The partnership began taking over the general management of Sayer's firm around 1787; however, they did not alter the Sayer imprint until after Sayer's death in 1794. Apparently Laurie did most of the work in managing the firm and hence his name appeared first in the "Laurie and Whittle" imprint. Together Laurie and Whittle published numerous maps and atlases, often bringing in other important cartographers of the day, including Kitchin, Faden, Jefferys and others to update and modify their existing Sayer plates. Robert Laurie retired in 1812, leaving the day to day management of the firm to his son, Richard Holmes Laurie (1777 - 1858). Under R. H. Laurie and James Whittle, the firm renamed itself "Whittle and Laurie". Whittle himself died in six years later in 1818, and thereafter the firm continued under the imprint of "R. H. Laurie". After R. H. Laurie's death the publishing house and its printing stock came under control of Alexander George Findlay, who had long been associated with Laurie and Whittle. Since, Laurie and Whittle has passed through numerous permeations, with part of the firm still extant as an English publisher of maritime or nautical charts, 'Imray, Laurie, Norie and Wilson Ltd.' The firm remains the oldest surviving chart publisher in Europe.
Laurie, R., and Whittle, J., The East-India Pilot, or Oriental Navigator, on One Hundred and Eighteen Plates: Containing a Complete Collection of Charts and Plans, &c., &c. for the Navigation not only of the Indian and China Seas, but of those also between England and the Cape of Good-Hope; Improved and Chiefly Composed from the Last Work of M. D'Apres de Mannevillette; with Considerable Additions, from Private Manuscripts of the Dutch, and from Draughts and Actual Surveys Communicated By Officers of the East-India Company A New Edition, Containing One Hundred and Five Charts. (London: Laurie and Whittle) 1797.
Very good. Minor wear and verso repair along original centerfold. Original platemark visible. Some offsetting.
Rumsey 4723.004 (Sayer Edition, 1788). National Maritime Museum, 366. Philipps (Atlases) 1794. Broekema, C., Maps of the Canary Islands Published before 1850, no. 72.