1706 Jaillot Map of Catalonia, Spain (Barcelona)
Description: This is a scarce 1706 map of Catalonia, Spain by Alexis-Hubert Jaillot. It covers the northeastern Iberian Peninsula from Sigean in France to Peniscola on the Mediterranean coast. The principality of Catalonia at the time included the modern day autonomous community of Spain and the adjoining Catalan region of France (Northern Catalonia or Roussillon). The map renders the entire region in extraordinary detail offering both topographical and political information with forest and mountains beautifully rendered in profile.
Spain at this was witnessing the War of the Spanish Succession. After the death of the Spanish Habsburg King Charles II, the Spanish crown passed onto his successor Prince Philip of Anjou. Fearing that a union between France and Spain would threaten the balance of power in Europe, the Grand Alliance of the Holy Roman Empire, Portugal, Dutch Republic and the Duchy of Savoy declared war claiming the Spanish throne for Archduke Charles of Austria instead of Philip. Catalonia, unlike the rest of Spain supported Archduke Charles of Austria. Barcelona would finally surrender after the Siege of Barcelona which ended on September 11, 1714 and the war would eventually end with Philip becoming King of Spain, on the condition that he is removed from the French line of succession. September 11, the day of the defeat, is now celebrated as the National Day of Catalonia.
The lower right quadrant of the map features an elaborate title cartouche. This map was created by Alexis-Hubert Jaillot and Guillaume Sanson in 1706.
Date: 1706 (dated)
Cartographer: Alexis Hubert Jaillot (c. 1632- 1712) followed Nicholas Sanson (1600 - 1667) and his descendants in ushering in the great age of French Cartography in the late 17th and 18th century. The publishing center of the cartographic world gradually transitioned from Amsterdam to Paris following the disastrous inferno that destroyed the preeminent Blaeu firm in 1672. Hubert Jaillot was born in Franche-Comte and trained as a sculptor. When he married the daughter of the enlumineur de ala Reine, Nicholas Berey, he found himself positioned to inherit a lucrative map and print publishing firm. When Nicholas Sanson, the premier French cartographer of the day, died Jaillot negotiated with his heirs to republish much of Sanson's work. Though not a cartographer himself, Jaillot's access to the Sanson plates enabled him to publish numerous maps and atlases with only slight modifications and updates to the originals. As a sculptor and an artist, Jaillot's maps were particularly admired for their elaborate and meaningful allegorical title cartouches and other decorative elements. Jaillot used his allegorical cartouche work to extol the virtues of the Sun King Louis IV, and his military and political triumphs. These earned him the patronage of the French crown who used his maps in the tutoring of the young Dauphin. In 1686 he was awarded the title of Geographe du Roi< and with it significant prestige and the coveted yearly stipend of 600 Livres. Jaillot was one of the last French map makers to acquire this title. Louis XV, after taking the throne, replaced the position with the more prestigious and singular title of Premier Geographe du Roi. Jaillot died in Paris in 1712. His most important work was his 1693 Le Neptune Francois Jalliot was succeed by his son, Bernard Jean Hyacinthe Jaillot (1673-1739), grandson, Bernard Antoine Jaillot (???? – 1749) and the latter's brother-in-law, Jean Baptiste-Michel Renou de Chauvigné-Jaillot (1710-1780). Click here for a list of rare maps by Alexis Hubert Jaillot.
Cartographer: Nicholas Sanson (1600 - 1667) and his descendants were important French cartographers active throughout the 17th century. Sanson started his career as a historian where, it is said, he turned to cartography as a way to illustrate his historical studies. In the course of his research some of his fine maps came to the attention of King Louis XIII who, admiring the quality of his work, appointed Sanson "Geographe Ordinaire du Roi". Sanson's duties in this coved position included advising the King on matters of geography and compiling the royal cartographic archive. In 1644 he partnered with Pierre Mariette, an established print dealer and engraver, whose business savvy and ready capital enabled Sanson to publish an enormous quantity of maps. Sanson's corpus of some three hundred maps initiated the golden age of French mapmaking and he is considered the "Father of French Cartography". His work is distinguished as being the first of the "Positive Geographers", a primarily French school of cartography that valued scientific observation over historical cartographic conventions. Sanson is most admired for his construction of the magnificent atlas Cartes Generales de Toutes les Parties du Monde. Sanson's maps of North America, Amerique Septentrionale (1650) and La Canada ou Nouvelle France (1656) are exceptionally notable for their important contributions to the cartographic perceptions of the New World. Both maps utilize the discoveries of important French missionaries and are among the first published maps to show the Great Lakes in recognizable form. Sanson was also an active proponent of the insular California theory, wherein it was speculated that California was an island rather than a peninsula. After his death, Sanson's maps were frequently republished, without updates, by his sons, Guillaume (? - 1703) and Adrien Sanson (? - 1708). However, Sanson's true cartographic legacy as a "positive geographer" was carried on by others, including A. H. Jaillot, Guillaume De L'Isle, Gilles Robert de Vaugondy, and Pierre Duval. Click here for a list of rare maps from Nicholas Sanson.
Size: Printed area measures 26 x 18.5 inches (66.04 x 46.99 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 600000
Condition: Very good. Minor wear along original centerfold. Original platemark visible. Minor spotting.
Printable Info Sheet
Code: PrincipauteDeCatalogne-jaillot-1706 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: Jaillot , Sanson , War of Spanish Succession