1842 Arrowsmith Map of South Italy (Naples and Sicily)
Description: This is a scarce example of J. Arrowsmith's 1842 map of southern Italy. It covers the Kingdom if Naples (a common reference for the 'Kingdom of the Two Sicilies'), which extended from the Papal States south to include all of Sicily. The Maltese Islands are featured in an inset in the lower right quadrant.
As this map was being prepared, the peninsula was undergoing its Risorgimento, Italy's march toward national solidarity. Following the defeat of Napoleon and the merging of Sicily and Naples into the Two Sicilies, the Island of Sicily witnessed revolts against the Bourbon rule in 1820 and 1848. The final revolution in 1848 would result in the island gaining independence from Bourbon control for 16 months. The Kingdom of Naples was the richest and largest Italian state before the Italian unification.
The map notes numerous cities, towns, rivers, roads and topography with relief shown by hachures. The map was published by J. Arrowsmith in 1842.
Date: 1842 (dated)
References: Rumsey 4613.018 (1844 edition).
Cartographer: Aaron Arrowsmith (1750-1823), John Arrowsmith (1790-1873), and Samuel Arrowsmith. The Arrowsmith family were noted map engravers, publishers, geographers, and cartographers active in the late 18th and early 19th century. The Arrowsmith firm was founded by Aaron Arrowsmith, who was trained in surveying and engraving under John Cary and William Faden. Arrowsmith founded the Arrowsmith firm as a side business while employed the Cary. The firm specialized in large format individual issue maps containing the most up to date and sophisticated information available. Arrowsmith's work drew the attention of the Prince of Wales who, in 1810, named him Hydrographer to the Prince of Wales, and subsequently, in 1820, Hydrographer to the King. Aaron Arrowsmith was succeeded by two sons, Aaron and Samuel, who followed him in the map publication business. The Arrowsmith firm eventually fell to John Arrowsmith (1790-1873), nephew of the elder Aaron. John was a founding member of the Royal Geographical Society. The firm is best known for their phenomenal large format mappings of North America. Mount Arrowsmith, situated east of Port Alberni on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, is named for Aaron Arrowsmith and his nephew John Arrowsmith. Click here for a list of rare maps from the Arrowsmith family.
Size: Printed area measures 20 x 24.5 inches (50.8 x 62.23 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 1267200
Condition: Very good. Some wear and verso repair along original centerfold and along left margin. Blank on verso. Minor foxing at a couple of places.
Code: SouthItaly-arrowsmith-1842 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: Italian Risorgimento , Arrowsmith