This is an 1847 Edmund Hardcastle map of the Battle of Churubusco during the Mexican-American War. The map depicts a region southwest of Mexico City surrounding the lava fields of the Pedregal de San Àngel, today the fashionable upscale residential neighborhood of Jardines del Pedgregal. Several buildings and communities are illustrated around the Pedregal, including San Augustin, San Angel, San Antonio La Isla (San Antonio), and Churubusco. Individual buildings are depicted along many of the roads, though most are not labeled.
The Battle of ChurubuscoThe Battle of Churubusco was fought between American and Mexican forces on August 20, 1847. Several small engagements were fought, including at San Antonio, at the Franciscan Convent of San Mateo in Churubusco and at the tete-de-pont on the south side of the bridge crossing the Churubusco River. Mexican General Santa Anna's forces initially mounted a defense at San Antonio, but their position was quickly overrun, and these soldiers withdrew to the convent and the bridge crossing the Churubusco. The American army, led by General Winfield Scott, was divided into several different divisions and brigades, each of which was given a different objective. All of these units, both Mexican and American, are noted here as rectangles shaded with different patterns, each of which identifies a different division or brigade. American batteries are also identified by letters. The Battle of Churubusco was the final battle before the Battles of Mexico City, which captured the Mexican capital and ended the conflict.
This map was drawn by Lieutenant Edmund La Fayette Hardcastle and published in a U.S. government report in 1847. Though fairly well represented in institutional collections, this map rarely appears on the private market.
Edmund La Fayette Hardcastle (October 18, 1824 - August 11, 1899) was an American military officer, politician, and businessman. Born in Denton, Maryland, Hardcastle attended the Unites States Military Academy at West Point from 1842 - 1846, after which he was commissioned a Brevet Second Lieutenant in the Army Corps of Topographical Engineers. He was immediately assigned to the United States Coast Survey, but was soon transferred to participate in the Mexican American War. Hardcastle saw action I the Siege of Vera Cruz, the Battle of Cerro Gordo, the Skirmish of Amazoque, the capture of San Antonio, the Battle of Churubusco, the Battle of Molino del Rey, the Battle of Chapultepec, and the assault and capture of Mexico City. He was twice promoted for meritorious conduct on the battlefield, once after the battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Gand again following the Battle of Molino del Rey, attaining the rank of Brevet Captain. After the war, he held the position fo Assistant in the Topographical Bureau at Washington, D.C., and also was a member of the Mexican Boundary Survey from February 1849 until June 1852. Hardcastle finally received his formal commission as a Second Lieutenant in the Topographical Engineers on September 26, 1849. He then served as the Engineer Secretary of the Light-house Board at Washington, D.C. from October 1852 until April 30, 1856 when he resigned his commission. Hardcastle returned home to Maryland, where he began farming in Talbot County. He served on several boards and as president of the Maryland and Delaware Railroad Company in 1868. He also served as a member of the House of Delegates of the Maryland Legislature from 1870 until 1878. Edmund Hardcastle passed away at Towson, Maryland on August 11, 1899.
Peter Stephen Duval (1804/5 - 1886) was a prominent Philadelphia lithographer. He immigrated to Philadelphia from France in 1831 to take a job as a lithographer at the Philadelphia firm owned by Cephas Childs. In 1837, Childs retired and Duval took over the business. Over the course of the next thirty years, Duval would have several business partners and in 1857 his son Steven C. Duval joined the business. Peter Duval retired in 1869 but continued to be involved in his company until his death in 1886.
Good. Wear and toning along original fold lines. Light foxing. Some creasing. Area of infill in upper left quadrant. Blank on verso.