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1904 Samuel Mann Manuscript Missionary Map of the Congo, on cotton cloth

Congo Mission of the A.B.M.U. - Main View

1904 Samuel Mann Manuscript Missionary Map of the Congo, on cotton cloth


One of a kind A.B.M.U. Missionary Map of Central Africa (Congo).


Congo Mission of the A.B.M.U.
  1904 (dated)     38 x 55 in (96.52 x 139.7 cm)     1 : 2217600


A remarkable find, this is a one of a kind large scale 1904 missionary cotton field map of the Congo drawn by Samuel E. Mann. Centered on the Congo River the map covers from modern day Cameroon to Benguela, Angola, and eastwards as far as Lake Victoria and Lake Malawi, including modern day Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola, Gabon, Cameroon, and Zambia, as well as parts of Tanzania and Uganda. Topography is rendered with brown shading. Numerous tribes, African cities, and villages are noted. Missions are identified in Red and include the Presbyterian Mission, the Methodist Mission, the Methodist Episcopal Mission, and the American Board. Towns and villages with established missions are underlined in red. The whole is clearly hand drawn using a combination of stencils, India ink, and dyes.

The map bears the name J. P. Goodwin, this may refer to John P. Goodwin, a Long Island born member of the A.B.M.U. Although his name is not clearly associated with the Congo Mission, it appears he must have owned this map as early as 1904, when the mission was active.

A one of a kind discovery.


Samuel Eleazer Mann (April 10, 1853 - September 14, 1930) was a Methuen, Massachusetts, based cartographer who produced large format missionary field maps on cloth for the American Baptist Missionary Union (A.B.M.U). Most of Mann's maps appear to have been one-offs designed on cloth using Diamond Dyes, India ink, and stencils. The maps were made to order as field documents for various Baptist missionary societies, most particularly the A.B.M.U. The archives of Mount Holyoke College identify one such map, some 13 feet wide, acquired by the Student Volunteer Band. Learn More...

American Baptist Missionary Union (1814 - Present) (A.B.M.U) formerly known as the American Baptist Missionary Union and the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society) is an international Protestant Christian missionary society founded in 1814 in the United States. It is a constituent board affiliated with the American Baptist Churches USA. The Society was founded in 1814 at the first Triennial Convention and initially sponsored by two American missionaries in Burma, Adoniram Judson and Ann Hasseltine Judson. The organization is the oldest Baptist missionary organization based in North America. The Society was involved in sending workers to many different countries including China during the late Qing Dynasty. Today, operating as American Baptist International Ministries, the society is active in some 80 countries. Learn More...


Good. Some staining. Combination of stencil and manuscript work on cotton