An extremely rare map of Florida issued by A. Finley in his 1826 New American Atlas. The map depicts territorial Florida just five years after the region was annexed by the United States. Color coding defines Florida's early county development with the north being divided into six counties while St. Johns County occupies the entire peninsular region. The map identifies Lake Mayaca – an early name for Lake Okeechobee following from the Mayaca People, an indigenous tribe occupying the upper St. John's River valley. Tampa Bay is identified both by this moniker and its earlier Spanish name, Spirito Santo. The 'Cape Florida Settlement,' a Bahamian immigrant village that would eventually evolve into Miami, is noted just west of Key Biscayne on the unnamed Miami River. Key West is identified as Thompson's Island. The island had been settled just four years previously with its main city, modern day Key West, being named Allentown in Honor Lieut. W. H. Allen, who died fighting pirates near the island in 1822.
This map further details this region on the cusp of the bloody Second Seminole War. The United States acquired Florida from Spain via the 1821 Adams-Onis Treaty. Following the treaty wealthy planter immigrants were encouraged to move to the new territory, in theory developing the region. The consequent establishment of a slave owing plantation culture in Florida the effect of both encroaching on lands grated to the Seminole Nation by the Treaty of Moultrie Creek and increasing the number of runaway slaves seeking refuge with the Seminoles. The resulting conflicts lead to a series of bloody clashes that culminated in the Second Seminole War, 1834 -1842. The war ended ambiguously and this the say the Seminole nation has never surrendered to the United States.
The lower quadrants of this map are dedicated to a comparative chart detailing the mountains of the western hemisphere. Such charts were common in early 19th century atlases and were intended to offer readers a sense of perspective regarding global elevations. The present chart is divided into two sections, with North American mountains appearing on the left and South American mountains on the right. The map identifies the Mexican volcano Popocatepetl as the highest mountain in North America at 17,710 feet and the great ecuadorian (then Colombian) mountain of Chimborazo as the highest mountain in the Americas at 21,441 feet.
engraved by J. H. Young and published in Philadelphia by Anthony Finley. Dated and copyrighted 1826. This map is extremely rare, as are all maps from Finley's 1826 New American Atlas, and though well represented in institutional collections, rarely appears on the market.
Anthony Finley (August 25, 1784 - June 9, 1836) was an American book and map publisher based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Finley was born in Philadelphia in 1874. He opened a bookshop and publishing house at the Northeast corner of Fourth and Chestnut Street, Philadelphia in 1809. His earliest known catalog, listing botanical, medical and other scientific works, appeared in 1811. His first maps, engraved for Daniel Edward Clarke’s Travels in Various Countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa also appear in 1811. His first atlas, the Atlas Classica, was published in 1818. He soon thereafter published the more significant A New American Atlas and the New General Atlas…, both going through several editions from 1824 to 1834. Although most of Finley's cartographic material was borrowed from European sources, his atlases were much admired and favorably reviewed. In addition to his work as a printer, Finley ran unsuccessfully on the 1818 Democratic ticket for Philadelphia Common Council. He was also a founding officer of the Philadelphia Apprentices’ Library, and a member of both the American Sunday-School Union and the Franklin Institute. Finely was active as a publisher until his 1836 death, apparently of a 'lingering illness.' Shortly thereafter advertisements began appearing for his map business and plates, most of which were acquired by Samuel Augustus Mitchell.
Finely, A. New American Atlas, (Philadelphia) 1826.
Very good condition. Even overall toning. Blank on verso.