1860 Mitchell Map of Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Nebraska and Kansas
Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska and Kansas.
1860 (dated) 11 x 13.5 in (27.94 x 34.29 cm)
A beautiful example of the first edition of S. A. Mitchell Jr.'s 1860 map of Iowa, Nebraska, Illinois, Missouri Kansas and Nebrasa. Detailed to the county level with attention to towns, geographical features, proposed railroads, and cities. Western Nebraska and Kansas exhibit archaic county lines as the U.S. Land Office had not yet completed its survey and partitioning of this region. Appeared only in the 1860 edition of the Mitchell Atlas. In subsequent editions this map was replaced with individual state maps. Features the floral motif border typical of Mitchell maps from the 1860-67 period. Prepared by S. A. Mitchell for inclusion as plate 33 in the 1860 First Edition issue of Mitchell's New General Atlas. Dated and copyrighted, 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1860 by S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the U.S. for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.'
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell either partnered with or sold his plates to Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company who continued to publish the Mitchell's Universal Atlas. By about 1856 most of the Mitchell plates and copyrights were acquired by Charles Desilver who continued to publish the maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. In 1859, S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the plates back from Desilver and introduced his own floral motif border. From 1860 on, he published his own editions of the New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father, publishing maps and atlases until 1887, when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time.
Mitchell's new general atlas, containing maps of the various countries of the World, plans of cities, etc., (1860 edition).
Very good condition. Blank on verso. Minor discoloration near Nebraska.
Rumsey 0565.023. Phillips (Atlas) 831.33. Wichita State University Libraries, 1860-0003.