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1877 Mitchell Map of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, Canada


1877 Mitchell Map of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, Canada




County Map of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Cape Breton Is. And Pr. Edward's Id.
  1877 (dated)     14 x 11 in (35.56 x 27.94 cm)


A beautiful example of S. A. Mitchell's 1877 map of the Canadian Maritime Provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince edward's Island, and Cape Breton Island. Detailed to the county level with special attention both political and geographic elements, it notes important river systems, railways, canals, and cities. An inset map in the lower right quadrant depicts the city and harbor of Halifax. Verso contains a map of the Canadian province of Quebec. One of the most attractive American atlas maps of this region to appear in the mid-19th century. Features the vine motif border typical of Mitchell maps from the 1866-82 period. Prepared by S.A. Mitchell for inclusion as plate no. 7 in the 1877 issue of Mitchell's New General Atlas. Dated and copyrighted, 'entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1877 by S. Augustus Mitchell in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington.'


Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell either partnered with or sold his plates to Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company who continued to publish the Mitchell's Universal Atlas. By about 1856 most of the Mitchell plates and copyrights were acquired by Charles Desilver who continued to publish the maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. In 1859, S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the plates back from Desilver and introduced his own floral motif border. From 1860 on, he published his own editions of the New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father, publishing maps and atlases until 1887, when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time.


Mitchell's New General Atlas 1877 edition.    


Very good. Map of Quebec on verso. Minor foxing near bottom margin.


Rumsey 0586.006 (1879 editon).