1702 Stoopendaal Map of the Holy Land, w/ Eden, Babylon, Jerusalem, and Nod
De Gelegentheyt van 't Paradys ende 't Land Canaan mitsgaders de eerste bewoonde landen Der Patriarchen, uyt de H. schrifture en verscheyden Auctoren bij een gestelt door
13.5 x 14 in (34.29 x 35.56 cm)
1 : 177000
This is a splendid early example of Daniel Stoopendaal and Jacob Keur's 1702 map of the Holy Land, or as it is titled (in rough translation) 'Paradise, or the Garden of Eden, with the countries adjacent as inhabited by the Patriarchs.' Covers the region between the Mediterranean and the Persian Gulf (including the modern day regions of Israel, Palestine, Cyprus, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Egypt, and Iraq), and features a prominent the Garden of Eden located near the city of Babel ( Babylon ). In the Mediterranean, a sailing ship is being confronted by Jonas's whale while inland the route taken by Jacob from Canaan to Babylon is noted.
This map is derived from Nicholas Visscher's 1645 map of the same name, and though cartographically nearly identical, features updated decorative elements. These include scenes of Adam and Even in Paradise as well as Noah's Ark. In the lower right a fisherman appears to the right of the image cartouche – possibly a nod to Visscher who used the 'fisherman' iconography to represent his patrimony.
This map was published by the Keur family in their popular Keur Bible. As one of the Dutch 'Staten Bibles' published between 1637 and 1760, the Keur Bible contained five or six maps: Werlt Karte, Paradys, Perigrinations, Canaan, Ierusalem, Reysen Pauli, and sometimes Reyse der Kinderen Israels. This specific map was issued in the1702 edition of the Keur Bible.
Daniel Stoopendaal (1672-1726) was a Dutch engraver and mapmaker active in Amsterdam during the early part of the17th century. Stoopendaal is best known for his garden and landscape prints. Cartographically D. Stoopendaal's most notable work is his re-engravings of Visscher maps of the Holy Land for inclusion in the Keur Bible. Daniel Stoopendaal is often confused with Bastiaan Stoopendaal, an engraver associated the Visscher firm, with whom he frequently work but was most likely not related.
Claes Jansz Visscher (1587 - 1652) established the Visscher family publishing firm, which were prominent Dutch map publishers for nearly a century. The Visscher cartographic story beings with Claes Jansz Visscher who established the firm in Amsterdam near the offices of Pieter van den Keer and Jadocus Hondius. Many hypothesize that Visscher may have been one of Hondius's pupils and, under examination, this seems logical. The first Visscher maps appear around 1620 and include numerous individual maps as well as an atlas compiled of maps by various cartographers including Visscher himself. Upon the death of Claes, the firm fell into the hands of his son Nicholas Visscher I, who received a privilege to publish from the States of Holland and West Friesland in 1677. The firm would in turn be passed on to his son, Nicholas Visscher II. Most of the maps bearing the Visscher imprint were produced by these two men. Many Visscher maps also bear the imprint Piscator (a Latinized version of Visscher) and often feature the image of an elderly fisherman. Upon the death of Nicholas Visscher II, the business was carried on by the widowed Elizabeth Visscher until it was eventually sold to Peter Schenk.
Biblia, dat is De gantsche H. Schrufture, Pieter and Jacob Keur, 1702.
Very good condition. Original fold lines exhibit some wear and verso reinforcement. Platemark visible. Text on verso.
Poortman, Wilco C., Kaarten in Bijbels, p. 197, entry 2 / G-I, plate 131. Laor, E., Maps of the Holy Land: Cartobibliography of Printed Maps, 1475 - 1900, #806.