This is a fine example of the 1845 Chambers map of Canada or the British Possessions in North America. It covers Upper Canada, Lower Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Newfoundland. Above this portion, the region is marked as 'Territory of the Hudson Bay Company.'
According to the earliest written accounts, the Russians were the first europeans who reached Alaska and eventually became permanent settlers. The modern Canadian provinces and territories were under British and French control from the 16th century, until France gave up its claims in the Treaty of Paris in 1763. Canada would remain a collection of British colonies until its confederation in 1867, when the British colonies of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia would become Canadian provinces.
Divided and color coded according to regions and territories, the map identifies various cities, towns, islands, lakes and an assortment of additional topographical details. Map was engraved by J. Gellatly.
William Chambers (April 16, 1800 - May 20, 1883) and Robert Chambers (July 10, 1802 - March 17, 1871) were born into a prosperous family on the border between Scotland and England. Unfortunately, by puberty their family fortunes had declined due to their father's bad loans to French prisoners of war. Left with little Robert Chambers, then 16, opened a small bookstand on Leith Walk, Edinburgh. His brother William, at 18, opened a bookstand of his own on the same street. A short time afterwards the two joined forces. Due to their thrifty business practices and hard work, the duo quickly developed a thriving business and began publishing. Their first publishing venture was 750 copies of "The Songs of Robert Burns", a sure bet in 19th century Edinburgh. They followed up with a series of educational works including several atlases, an encyclopedia, and more Burns books. The firm continued to publish into the early 20th century. More by this mapmaker...
Very good. Moderate age toning. Blank on verso.