1773 Bonne Map of Gaul (Gallia) or France in Ancient Roman Times

CarteGaule-bonne-1773
$225.00
Carte de la Gaule, pour servir a la lecture de l'Histoire Ancienne.
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1773 Bonne Map of Gaul (Gallia) or France in Ancient Roman Times

CarteGaule-bonne-1773

Map of France in antiquity.
$225.00

Title


Carte de la Gaule, pour servir a la lecture de l'Histoire Ancienne.
  1773 (dated)    12.5 x 17 in (31.75 x 43.18 cm)     1 : 3500000

Description


An appealing 1763 map of Gallia or France in ancient Roman times by the French cartographer Rigobert Bonne. Covers the region from southern part of England (Britannia) to the Pyrenees and the Mediterranean. Details mountains, rivers, cities, roadways, and lakes with political divisions highlighted in outline color.

Gaul or Gallia was the ancient name of a region of Western Europe which comprises of modern day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland and Germany west of the Rhine. After the Gallic Wars of 58-51 BC, all of Gaul came under the control of the Romans. It continued under Roman control for almost 500 years before it fell to the Franks in AD 486. The Gallic Wars are believed to have been fought primarily to provide Caesar with wealth and popularity and to boost his political career rather than being a defensive action as described by Caesar. The campaigns are described by Caesar in his book Commentarii de Bello Gallico.

A decorative title cartouche appears in the top left hand quadrant. Drawn by R. Bonne in 1762 for issue in Jean Lattre's Atlas Moderne.

CartographerS


Rigobert Bonne (October 6, 1727 - September 2, 1794) was one of the most important French cartographers of the late 18th century. Bonne was born in Ardennes à Raucourt, France. He taught himself mathematics and by eighteen was a working engineer. During the War of the Austrian Succession (1740 - 1748) he served as a military engineer at Berg-op-Zoom. It the subsequent years Bonne became one of the most respected masters of mathematics, physics, and geography in Paris. In 1773, Bonne succeeded Jacques-Nicolas Bellin as Royal Cartographer to France in the office of the Hydrographer at the Depôt de la Marine. Working in his official capacity, Bonne compiled some of the most detailed and accurate maps of the period - most on an equal-area projection known erroneously as the 'Bonne Projection.' Bonne's work represents an important step in the evolution of the cartographic ideology away from the decorative work of the 17th and early 18th century towards a more scientific and practical aesthetic. While mostly focusing on coastal regions, the work of Bonne is highly regarded for its detail, historical importance, and overall aesthetic appeal. Bonne died of edema in 1794, but his son Charles-Marie Rigobert Bonne continued to publish his work well after his death.


Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France.

Source


Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c.1778.    

Condition


Very good. Some toning and wear along original centerfold. Minor foxing. Original platemark visible.

References


Rumsey 2612.085. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.