A Circle of Winds consisting of 32 points commonly called the Mariners Compass. / The Artificial Sphere
1747 (undated) 8 x 12.5 in (20.32 x 31.75 cm)
A beautiful and rare chart consisting of two engraved drawings within a single border. Left hand drawing, entitled 'A Circle of Winds consisting of 32 points commonly called the Mariners Compass,' shows exactly that – a compass rose consisting of 32 points and decorated with images of ship and cherubs using nautical equipment. The right hand drawing, entitled 'The Artificial Sphere,' features an Armillary Sphere and more navigating cherubs. An extremely attractive engraving. Prepared by Emanuel Bowen as plate no. 2 for the 1747 issue of Herman Moll's Complete System of Geography.
Emanuel Bowen (1694 - May 8, 1767) had the high distinction to be named Royal Mapmaker to both to King George II of England and Louis XV of France. Bowen was born in Talley, Carmarthen, Wales, to a distinguished but not noble family. He apprenticed to Charles Price, Merchant Taylor, from 1709. He was admitted to the Merchant Taylors Livery Company on October 3, 1716, but had been active in London from about 1714. A early as 1726 he was noted as one of the leading London engravers. Bowen is highly regarded for producing some of the largest, most detailed, most accurate and most attractive maps of his era. He is known to have worked with most British cartographic figures of the period including Herman Moll and John Owen. Among his multiple apprentices, the most notable were Thomas Kitchin, Thomas Jeffreys, and John Lodge. Another apprentice, John Oakman (1748 - 1793) who had an affair with and eventually married, Bowen's daughter. Other Bowen apprentices include Thomas Buss, John Pryer, Samuel Lyne, his son Thomas Bowen, and William Fowler. Despite Despite achieving peer respect, renown, and royal patronage, Bowen, like many cartographers, died in poverty. Upon Emanuel Bowen's death, his cartographic work was taken over by his son, Thomas Bowen (1733 - 1790) who also died in poverty.
Very good condition. Minor margin repair in lower left corner. Else clean.
Rumsey 3733.002. P614 (1752 edition of A Complete Atlas...). NMM p.356. M&B p 166.