This is a 1780 Antoine de Sartine map of Florida. The map depicts the region from Apalachee Bay to the Atlantic Ocean and from Cumberland Island to Havana, Cuba. Created for the French navy during the American Revolutionary War, a fairly high level of detail is present along the coastline. Depth soundings are indicated along the Atlantic coast and a decent distance from the Gulf coast of Florida. Cays, bays, capes, and rivers are labeled all along the coast, including the St. John's River, Tampa Bay, Cape Canaveral, and St. Joseph's Bay. Forts, European settlements, and Native American villages are also identified, such as St. Augustine. Many of the Florida Keys are labeled, including Dry Tortugas. Two notations north of Apalachee Bay comment on a fort that was built by the Spanish in 1719, and Fort Crevecoeur, which was apparently abandoned by the French in 1718. Three compass roses and rhumb lines are illustrated.
Publication HistoryThis map was created by Antoine de Sartine and published by the French Dépôt des Cartes et Plans de la Marine in 1780.
Antoine de Sartine (1729 - 1801) was a competent, ruthless, and extravagant figure who dominated Paris for nearly 15 years. Sartine was born in Barcelona, Spain, the son of French financier Antoine Sartine. Upon the death of his mother, young Antoine was sent to Paris to be educated in Law. Following his studies, Sartine purchased the commission of Criminal Lieutenant of Police and was subsequently ennobled. A favorite of the King, he was soon appointed Lieutenant General of Police in 1759. This effectively made him dominant local power in Paris. Despite his purchased commission, Sartine proved to be a competent and effective city administrator. Paris flourished under his care, he restored public buildings, founded schools, improved finances, and tempered police corruption. He was also head of the French Intelligence organization, at the time the envy of Europe, and reported daily to the King with all of the city's gossip and scandals. This earned him the 1775 commission of Secretary of State for the Navy and the honorific rank of Minister of State. Sartine proceeded to expand and advance the French navy in competition with England. His influence put the French in a position to aid the American Revolutionaries against the British at the close of the Revolutionary War. It was during his tenure as head of the French Navy that Sartine ordered the creation of numerous updated nautical charts. Sartine's expansion of the Navy was reconsidered and deplored for its depletion of the French national treasury. As a result he was dismissed with honors in 1780. Following his dismissal, M. Sartine remained in Paris until the outbreak of the French Revolution. Unpopular with the French citizenry for his work as Police Lieutenant, he wisely fled to his childhood home of Barcelona, Spain. This no doubt saved his life as his son, who chose to stay behind, was shortly thereafter arrested and condemned to execution. Antoine de Sartine died in Tarragona, Spain in 1801.
Dépôt des Cartes et Plans de la Marine (fl. 1720 - present), often called the Depot de Marine, was a French hydrographic mapping organization founded in 1720 under Charles-Hercule of Albert de Luynes (674-1734). Much like the U.S. Coast Survey, the British Admiralty, and the Spanish Deposito Hydrografico, the Depot was initiated as a storehouse and distribution center of existing nautical and marine charts. Eventually the depot initiated its own mapping activities in an attempt to improve and expand upon existing material. Some of the more prominent cartographers and hydrographers associated with the of Dépôt des Cartes were, Philippe Buache, Jacques-Nicholas Bellin, Giovanni Rizzi-Zannoni, Rigobert Bonne, and Jean Nicolas Buache.
Very good. Even overall toning. Blank on verso.
Touchton Map Library L2011.070.043. LOC G3930 1780 .F7. OCLC 973333698.