The Eastern Hemisphere
19.5 x 18 in (49.53 x 45.72 cm)
A very attractive example of John Cary's spectacular 1801 map of the Eastern Hemisphere. Covers the entirety of Europe, Africa and Asia, along with Australia, the Indian Ocean, and parts of Polynesia. Europe is mapped according to early 19th century form. Africa, mostly labeled 'Parts Unknown' covers much of the left hand portion of the map. Caravan trails and oases fill the Sahara. Morocco, Egypt, Nubia and Abyssinia are noted. Maps the Portuguese colonies in the Congo as well as their fledgling colonies in east Africa, near Madagascar. These, including the Kingdom Of Monomotapa (Mutapa), have been associated with the legendary Land of Ophir or King Solomon's Mines. King Solomon's mines were a kind of Africa El Dorado, and like El Dorado, they were ultimately relegated to the province of myth. On the opposite side of the Map Australia is labeled 'New Holland.' The eastern portion is highlighted in red and labeled New South Wales, referencing claims to the land issued by Captain Cook in 1770. The northern parts of Australia as well as parts of New Guinea and the East Indies are left with uncompleted borders suggesting their unexplored state. The routes and discoveries of important explorers are noted throughout and crisscross the seas. All in all, one of the most interesting and attractive atlas maps Eastern Hemisphere to appear in first years of the 19th century. Prepared in 1801 by John Cary for issue in his magnificent 1808New Universal Atlas.
John Cary (1754 - 1835) was a London based cartographer active in the early part of the 19th century. Ronald Vere Tooley, the prominent English map historian, writes of Cary, "As an engraver he was elegant and exact with fine clear lettering and great delicacy of touch." Cary began his work as an engraver, cartographer, and globe maker in 1776 with his New and Correct English Atlas. This important atlas represented a new phase in cartography where accuracy and detail rose in prominence over the decorative embellishments of the 18th century. This change was indicative of the times when travel and commerce were expanding globally as never before. Cary's mastery of both engraving and cartography resulted in a series of seminal works that redefined mapmaking in the early 19th century. His stupendous Cary's New Universal Atlas, published in 1808, set the standard for all cartographers who followed. Cary reissued this seminal atlas in 1811, 1819, 1824, 1828, 1833, 1836 and 1844. Cary also did considerable work on the English Ordinance Survey prior to 1805. His cartographic work particularly inspired the Edinburgh school of cartography as represented by John Pinkerton and John Thomson. In America, Cary's work was used as the basis for Tanner's important New American Atlas. Cary's last published atlas appeared posthumously in 1844, however, by 1850 Cary's work was being carried on by his sons and other well-known cartographers including James Wyld, John Tallis & Company, and Crutchley.
Cary, John, Cary's New Universal Atlas, containing distinct maps of all the principal states and kingdoms throughout the World. From the latest and best authorities extant. London: Printed for J. Cary, Engraver and Map-seller, No. 181, near Norfolk Street, Strand, 1808.
Good condition. Minor offsetting. Original crease, offset to the left of center by approximately 1 inch, exhibits minor splitting and an old verso repair.
Rumsey 1657.001. Phillips (Atlases) 714. The Map Collector, issue 43, p. 40-47 (Atlas). National Maritime Museum, v. 3, no. 311.