1874 (undated) 15 x 18 in (38.1 x 45.72 cm)
1 : 12700000
This is a beautiful and uncommon 1874 map of the Roman Empire by Ambroise Tardieu. The map shows the extent of the Roman Empire at its height, and covers most of Europe, the Middle East, Persia and parts of North Africa including Britain, France, Egypt, the Barbary Coast, Spain, Italy and Macedonia. Throughout, the map identifies various cities, towns, rivers and assortment of additional topographical details.
The Roman Empire was established in 27 BC after Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, the grandnephew and heir of Julius Caesar was awarded the honorific title of Augustus. During the time of the Empire, Roman cities flourished. Trade spread as far as India, Russia, China and Southeast Asia. However, the sheer size of the Empire and its success also contributed to its downfall. The Western Roman Empire collapsed in AD 476, when Romulus Augustulus was deposed by the German Odovacer. The Eastern Roman Empire, evolving into the Byzantine Empire, survived until the Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople in 1453.
This map was prepared by Ambroise Tardieu and issued as plate no. 1 in his 1874 edition of Atlas Universel de Geographie Ancienne et Moderne.
Ambroise Tardieu (1788-1841) was a prominent French cartographer and engraver operating in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Tardieu's work is known for its beauty and accuracy as well as for its depth of detail. Tardieu's most important work is his version of John Arrowsmith's large format map of the United States, published in 1806. Ambroise Tardieu is eclipsed in fame by his son, artist and medical scholar, August Ambroise Tardieu. Ambroise Tardieu is also frequently confused with Jean Baptiste Pierre Tardieu, another unrelated French map and print engraver active in the early 19th century.
Alexandre Vuillemin (1812-1880) was a cartographer and an book editor based in Paris, France. Despite a prolific cartographic career, much of Vuillemin's life is shrouded in mystery. What is known is that his studied under the prominent French Auguste Henri Dufour (1798-1865). Vuillemin's most important work his detailed, highly decorative large format Atlas Illustre de Geographie Commerciale et Industrielle.
Furne, Jouvet et Cie Atlas Universel de Geographie Ancienne et Moderne (Paris), 1874.
Very good. Minor wear along original centerfold. Original platemark visible. Minor spotting.
Rumsey 4697.005 (1863 edition). OCLC Number: 458179945.