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1925 Jewish National Fund Map of Jewish Lands in Palestine

EREZ ISRAEL ארץ ישראל - Main View

1925 Jewish National Fund Map of Jewish Lands in Palestine


Zionism! Jewish-owned land in British Palestine.


EREZ ISRAEL ארץ ישראל
  1925 (undated)     25 x 15.25 in (63.5 x 38.735 cm)     1 : 350000


This c. 1925 Jewish National Fund Zionist map of Jewish land in Palestine highlights the Jewish National Fund's (JNF) push to acquire land in Palestine for Jewish settlement. Areas shaded black indicate land owned by the JNF where it established Jewish settlements. Although unclear from reading the map, the JNF likely founded many of the smaller settlements identified. Major cities outside the areas are identified, including Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Tel Aviv, Jaffa, and Haifa. The JNF, founded as part of the early 20th-century Zionist movement, played a critical role in establishing Tel Aviv. Major highways (and possibly railroads) are illustrated as well.
Jewish Land Purchases in Palestine
The Talmud mentions the religious duty of settling the Land of Israel, even going so far as to allow the lifting of certain religious restrictions of Sabbath observance to further this goal. No foreigners were allowed to buy land in Palestine, then part of the Ottoman Empire, by policy until 1856 and in practice until 1867. The Ottomans opposed Jewish self-rule in Palestine, out of fear that this might lead them to lose control of the region. The British closed all sale of land in Palestine after taking control in 1918, only to reopen it in 1920. Between the 1880s and the 1930s, because of a preference for unoccupied, inexpensive land, most Jewish land purchases fell in the coastal plain, the Jordan Valley, the Jezreel Valley, and, to a lesser extent, Galilee. Most land purchased in the 1930s was bought from small landowners.
Publication History and Census
This map was created for and published by the Jewish National Fund c. 1925. Three examples are cataloged in OCLC and are part of the institutional collections at Yale University, Johns Hopkins University, and the Wisconsin Historical Society.


The Jewish National Fund (JNF) (1901 - Present) is a non-profit organization founded to buy and develop land in Ottoman Palestine for Jewish settlement. In 1897, at the First Zionist Congress in Basel Switzerland, Hermann Schapira, a German-Jewish professor of mathematics, proposed the idea of creating a national land purchasing fund. That fund, name Keren Hakayemet ('Jewish National Fund' in English) was founded in 1901 at the Fifth Zionist Congress, which also took place in Basel. In 1903, The JNF acquired its first parcel of land, as a gift from Russian Zionist leader Leib Goldberg. The JNF played a central role in founding Tel Aviv in 1909. By 1921, the JNF owned almost 25,000 acres, and by 1927, that number had risen to 50,000 acres. The JNF held 89,500 acres at the end of 1935, upon which 108 Jewish communities had been founded. 10% of the Jewish population living in the British Mandate of Palestine lived on JNF land in 1939. By 1948, the year of Israeli independence, the JNF owned 54% of land owned by Jews in British Palestine, or about 4% of the land in the entire mandate. After the establishment of Israel, the new Israeli government sold over 2,000 square kilometers of land to the JNF between 1949 and 1950. The JNF was dissolved and reorganized in 1950, when it was renamed Keren Kayemet LeYisrael. The JNF-KKL transferred the administration of all its land, with the exception of forested areas, to the Israel Land Administration (ILA), a newly formed Israeli government agency, in 1960. With that, the ILA administered 93% of the land in Israel, since the Israeli government owned 80% and the JNF-KKL owned approximately 13%. More by this mapmaker...


Very good. Exhibits light wear along original fold lines. Verso repairs to fold separations and at fold intersections. Closed minor margin tear professionally repaired on verso. Blank on verso.


OCLC 818645652.