1930 Whitney-Graham Railroad Map of the Northeastern United States

ErieRailroad-whitneygraham-1930
$1,200.00
Erie Railroad Serving the Heart of the Industrial Empire. - Main View
Processing...

1930 Whitney-Graham Railroad Map of the Northeastern United States

ErieRailroad-whitneygraham-1930

Courting industrial development along the Erie Railroad trunk line.
$1,200.00

Title


Erie Railroad Serving the Heart of the Industrial Empire.
  1930 (dated)     18.5 x 40.5 in (46.99 x 102.87 cm)     1 : 1413280

Description


This is a highly graphic 1930 Whitney-Graham Company railroad map of the northeastern United States created to promote industrial development along the Erie Railroad. Coverage extends from Chicago to Cape Cod and from Portland, Maine, and Lake Ontario to Cincinnati, Ohio, and Washington D.C. Red lines trace the routes of the Erie Railroad from Jersey City to Chicago. Purple lines mark the few tracks where the Erie Railroad has Trackage Rights but does not own the rails. Numerous other railroads of varying size are illustrated throughout the map by black lines. Nearly all of these are identified, including the Pennsylvania Railroad, the New York Central and Saint Louis, the Pere Marquette Railway, and the Reading. Cities along the Erie Railroad's trunk lines are identified, while only significant stops are labeled along the branching lines. A series of pictorial vignettes decorate the top and bottom borders and highlight American manufacturing, agriculture, ranching, and shipping.
Industry Along the Erie Railroad
This map is a promotional piece intended to court industrial development along the main Erie Railroad Trunk line. Large farms, factories, warehouses, and shipping depots could apply to have connecting lines constructed right to their doors. Such connections were highly profitable for major railroads, as they forced all traffic onto owned or affiliate lines.
The Erie Railroad
The Erie Railroad was founded in 1832 as the 'New York and Erie Rail Road'. The original plan for the railroad was to connect Jersey City, New Jersey, with Lake Erie. Following several bankruptcies, acquisitions, and mergers, it was renamed the Erie Railroad in 1895. By this time it had expanded as far as Chicago, with tributary lines servicing Cincinnati, Cleveland, and Buffalo. In 1960, when it merged with the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad to form the Erie Lackawanna Railroad. The Erie Lackawanna Railroad existed until 1976, when what was left of the railroad was acquired by Conrail. Today, remnants of the Erie Railroad are parts of New Jersey Transit, but most of the surviving routes are operated by the Norfolk Southern Railway.
Publication History and Census
This map was created by the Whitney-Graham Company and published by the Erie Railroad in 1930. Three examples are cataloged in OCLC and are part of the institutional collection at the Indiana Historical Society, the University of Chicago, and Stanford University. An example is also part of the David Rumsey Map Collection.

Cartographer


The Whitney-Graham Company (fl. c. 1926 - 1942) was a printing and publishing company based in Buffalo, New York active in the early- to mid-twentieth century. The company was headed by Merle B. Whitney and H.H. Graham, both of whom previously worked for Mathews-Northrup based in Washington, D.C.

Condition


Good. Exhibits wear along original fold lines. Verso repairs to fold separations. Maps of Chicago and New York City on verso. Attached to original binder.

References


Rumsey 12329.002. OCLC 57126719.