A beautiful 1837 flag chart issued by Hinman and Dutton, and Samuel Augustus Mitchell Sr. including the maritime ensign of the Republic of Texas. The chart features a total of 98 flags associated with countries in Asia, Africa, America, and Europe. In some cases, both merchant and naval ensigns are included. The chart also includes the ensigns of merchant companies, including the British East India Company and the Russian-American Company.
Flags of InterestThere are several flags of interest, including the Republic of Texas Naval Ensign (1837-1839), two unusual Guatemala (sp. Guatimala) flags, and the flags of two trading companies: the British East Indian Company (potentially the inspiration for the U.S. Flag) and the Russian American Company (a Russian joint stock company that administered Russian interests in Alaska).
Publication History and CensusThis rare flag chart was published by Samuel Augustus Mitchell Sr. in 1837, making it one of his earliest publications. The flag chart was prepared to illustrate the Accompaniment to Mitchell's Map of the World, a volume composed by to supplement and describe Mitchell's great wall map. The copyright imprint indicates Philadelphia engravers, Hinman and Dutton, who also held the copyright on the book. There appear to be two states to this map, one issued by 'Barnes' and the present chart by Mitchell. Both are dated to 1837, both feature the Hinman and Dutton copyright, so presumably they were published contemporaneously. We have been able to identify only a single example the institutional collections of the Huntington Library.
Hinman and Dutton (fl. c. 1836 - 1838), possibly Samuel Dutton and William Hinton, were map engravers based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the first half of the 19th century. The firm engraved for several publishers, including Samuel Augusts Mitchell's Sr. in 1837. The firm was based upon 7 Commerce Street in Philadelphia.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell either partnered with or sold his plates to Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company who continued to publish the Mitchell's Universal Atlas. By about 1856 most of the Mitchell plates and copyrights were acquired by Charles Desilver who continued to publish the maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. In 1859, S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the plates back from Desilver and introduced his own floral motif border. From 1860 on, he published his own editions of the New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father, publishing maps and atlases until 1887, when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time.
Average. Right margin repaired and extended. Backed on archival tissue for stability.