Die Insel Formosa neu abgemessen auf Befehl Kaysers Kamhi. [The Island of Formosa As Newly Surveyed By Order of Emperor Kamhi.]
1726 (undated) 7 x 9 in (17.78 x 22.86 cm)
1 : 2500000
This rare find is one of the earliest, if not the earliest, obtainable printed map of Taiwan or Formosa Island. It was issued around 1726 to illustrate Joseph Stöcklein's [Stoecklein] compellation of Jesuit missionary letters Allerhand So Lehr-als Geist-reiche Brief, Schrifften, und Reis-Beschreibungen. The map presents the western part of Taiwan, the Punghu or Pescadore Islands, and the Fokien or Fujian coast of China. Several ancient Taiwanese cities are noted, including Keelung, Tainan, and what might be Kaohsiung. Like most early maps of Taiwan, only the Chinese portion, west of the Central Mountain Range (Zhongyang Range or Chungyang Range), offers significant detail. Here the tribal lands east of the Central Range are not only neglected but fade into the unknown. Another curiosity is the cartographer's decision to ghost in an extended Taiwan coastline leading north of Keelung. This gives evidence to just how little was known of Taiwan at the time. The only comparable map is Van Keulen's great map of Formosa, also published in 1726, that details the entire island. Of course, Van Keulen's association with the VOC (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) offered him considerable access to cartographic material, most notabley the Johannes Vingboons manuscript map, that would have been out of reach of humble Jesuit missionaries. Today this map, like all early map of Formosa, is extremely rare.
Joseph Stöcklein [Stoecklein] (July 30, 1676 – December 28, 1733) was a Jesuit priest, missionary, and scholar active in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. He was born in Oettingen, Germany and joined the Jesuit order in Vienna around 1700. He served as a priest in military encampments where he became popular as a preacher. Afterwards he became the head of the Jesuit library in Graz, Switzerland, a position he maintained for six years. During this tenure he began work on his opus, the Welt-Bott, a vast compilation of Jesuit missionary letters and narratives translated into vernacular German intended both to glorify the priesthood and share valuable information about the world. Today this work is exceedingly rare.
Stoecklein, J., Allerhand So Lehr-als Geist-reiche Brief, Schrifften, und Reis-Beschreibungen (Philipp, Martin & Johann Veith Erben Buchhaendler: Augsburg & Graetz) 1726.
Very good. Wide margines. Platemark visible. Blank on verso.
Cordier 941, Sabin 91981, De Backer-S, VII 1586.