1860 Mitchell Map of France, Spain and Portugal

Map of France, Spain, and Portugal. - Main View

1860 Mitchell Map of France, Spain and Portugal




Map of France, Spain, and Portugal.
  1860 (dated)     14 x 11.5 in (35.56 x 29.21 cm)     1 : 6500000


This is a beautiful example of American map publisher Samuel Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s 1860 map of France, Spain and Portugal, as well as the Balearic Islands of Ibiza, Majorca, and Minorca. . An inset in the upper left quadrant focuses on Switzerland. Another inset map in the lower right quadrant depicts the Island of Corsica. This map also identifies various cities, towns, rivers and an assortment of additional topographical details.

Map is color coded according to political boundaries with elevation rendered by hachure. The whole is surrounded by the attractive floral border common to Mitchell atlases between 1860 and 1866. One of the most attractive American atlas maps of this region to appear in the mid-19th century. Prepared by S. A. Mitchell Jr. for inclusion as plate 59 in the 1860 issue of Mitchell's New General Atlas. 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1860 by S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. in the Clerks Office of the District Court of the U.S. for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.'


Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Mitchell was born in Bristol, Connecticut. He relocated to Philadelphia in 1821. Having worked as a school teacher and a geographical writer, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell either partnered with or sold his plates to Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company who continued to publish the Mitchell's Universal Atlas. By about 1856 most of the Mitchell plates and copyrights were acquired by Charles Desilver who continued to publish the maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. In 1859, S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the plates back from Desilver and introduced his own floral motif border. From 1860 on, he published his own editions of the New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father, publishing maps and atlases until 1887, when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time. More by this mapmaker...


Mitchell Jr., S. A., Mitchell's New General Atlas, Containing Maps Of The Various Countries Of The World, Plans Of Cities, Etc. Embraced In Forty-Seven Quarto Maps, Forming A Series Of Seventy-Six Maps And Plans, Together With Valuable Statistical Tables, 1860 edition.    


Very good. Some foxing at places.


Rumsey 0565.034. Phillips (Atlases) 831. New York Public Library, Map Division, 1510829.