Map of the United Kingdom of Great Britian and Ireland.
1849 (undated) 14.5 x 19 in (36.83 x 48.26 cm)
1 : 2534400
An arresting c. 1849 geological map of the British Isles by James Wyld. Covering all of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, this map detailed the strata throughout the region in vivid color. THE color coding corresponds to a key in the upper right quadrant. In designing this map Wyld followed the work of the revolutionary English geologist William 'Strata' Smith (23 March 1769 – 28 August 1839). Smith drew the first geological map of the British Islas in 1815. Although Smith's work was not appreciated when it was produced, its significance became clear by the middle of the 19th century, when this map was made. Today Smith is recognized as the 'Father of English Geology.'
James Wyld I (1790 - 1836) and his son James Wyld II (1812 - 1887) were the principles of English mapmaking dynasty active in London during much of the 19th century. The elder Wyld was a map publisher under William Faden and did considerable work on the Ordinance Survey. On Faden's retirement, the Wyld took over Faden's workshop acquiring many of his plates. Wyld's work can often be distinguished from his son's maps through his imprint, which he signed as "Successor to Faden". Following in his father's footsteps the younger Wyld joined the Royal Cartographical Society in 1830 at the tender age of 18. When his father died in 1836, James Wyld II was prepared to fully take over and expand his father's considerable cartographic enterprise. Like his father and Faden, Wyld II held the title of official Geographer to the Crown, in this case, Queen Victoria. Among his first major decisions was to move operations from William Faden's old office at Charing Cross East to a new larger space at 475 Strand. Wylde II also chose to remove Faden's name for all of his updated map plates. Wyld II continued to update and republish both his father's work and the work of William Faden well into the late 1880s. One of Wyld's most eccentric and notable achievements is his construction of a globe 20 meters in diameter in the heart of Leicester Square. In the 1840s Wyld also embarked upon a political career, being elected to parliament in 1847 and again in 1857. He died in 1887 following a prolific and distinguished career.
Very good. Wide margins. Blank on verso.