1675 First Edition De Wit Map of the West Indies and the North American Coast

IndiarumOccidentalium-dewit-1675
$4,500.00
Indiarum Occidentalium Tractus Littorales cum Insulis Caribicis. / Pascaert van Westindien ende Caribise Eylanden.
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1675 First Edition De Wit Map of the West Indies and the North American Coast

IndiarumOccidentalium-dewit-1675

Exceedingly rare first edition of De Wit's masterful sea chart of the West Indies during the Golden Age of Caribbean Piracy.

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Title


Indiarum Occidentalium Tractus Littorales cum Insulis Caribicis. / Pascaert van Westindien ende Caribise Eylanden.
  1675 (undated)    19.5 x 23 in (49.53 x 58.42 cm)     1 : 8500000

Description


A fine and rare old color example of the first edition of Frederick de Wit's 1675 nautical chart or maritime map of the West Indies, Central America, Gulf of Mexico, and Florida. Printed during the Golden Age of Caribbean Piracy, this sea chart covers the eastern coast of North America from Cape May and the Chesapeake Bay to Central America and the Spanish Main. It includes a reasonably detailed chart of the West India Islands, Florida, and the Yucatan. Note the Mississippi River Delta has not yet been identified. The whole is filled with rhumb lines and illustrations of galleons. Cartographically the map was partially derived from Hessel's Gerritsz's map of 1631 with updates derived from Joannes van Loon's map of 1661.

This map was published in de Wit's Orbis Maritimus ofte Zee Atlas of 1675. It was engraved by Romein de Hooghe. The first edition can be identified for the absence of a western cost of Central America and the absence of New York and New Amsterdam in the upper right quadrant, both of which were added in the second edition. Subsequent editions were issued by L. Renard and the Ottens family.

All editions of this map are scarce but the later editions do appear from time to time. The first edition, as offered here, is quite rare with no examples appearing on the market since 2007.

Cartographer


Frederik de Wit (1629 - 1706) was a Dutch Golden Age cartographer active in the second half of the 17th and the early 18th centuries. De Wit was born of middle class Protestant stock in the western Netherlandish town of Gouda. He relocated to Amsterdam sometime before 1648, when his first engraved map, a plan of Haarlem for Antonius Sanderus' Flandria Illustrata, is recorded. The first chart that De Wit personally both drew and engraved was most likely his 1659 map of Denmark, REGNI DANIÆ Accuratissima delineatio Perfeckte Kaerte van ‘t CONJNCKRYCK DENEMARCKEN . His great wall map of the world and most famous work, Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Tabula appeared one year later. Following the publication of his wall map De Wit began quickly rose in prominence as a both cartographer and engraver. He married Maria van der Way in 1661 and through her became a citizen of Amsterdam in 1662. Around this time he also published his first major atlas, a composite production ranging in size from 17 to over 150 maps and charts. Other atlases and individual maps followed. In 1689 De Wit was granted at 15 year Privilege by the Dutch States General. The Privilege was a kind of early copyright that protected his exclusive rights to print and publish his maps. He was recognized with the honorific 'Good Citizen' in 1694. De Wit died in 1706 after which his wife Maria continued publishing his maps until about 1710. Though De Wit did have a son, Franciscus, he had no interested in the map trade, being a prosperous stockfish merchant. Instead, on her own retirement, Maria sold most De Wit maps and plates at a public auction. Most were acquired by Pieter Mortier and laid the groundwork for the 1721 rise of Covens and Mortier, the largest Dutch cartographic publishing house of the 18th century.

Source


de Witt, F., Orbis Maritimus ofte Zee Atlas, (Amsterdam: de Wit) 1675 (first edition).    

Condition


Very good condition. Light transference and toning. Old Color. Blank on verso. Original platemark visible.

References


OCLC 47681817. Burden, P, The Mapping of North America II, #468, State 1.