Italia, Gallia cisalpina, Sicilia, Sardinia, Corsica, ab adventu Gallorum usque ad bellum Marsicum
1865 (undated) 13 x 16 in (33.02 x 40.64 cm)
This is Karl von Spruner's 1865 map of Italy, Cisalpine Gaul, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, to the arrival of the Gauls after the Marsicus War. This is essentially two larger maps in one, with four smaller insets. In the left quadrant Spruner shows the whole of Italy and Sicily, including a small map key and scale. The right quadrant depicts Latium and Campania. Latium is the region of central western Italy in which the city of Rome was founded and grew to be the capital city of the Roman Empire. This land was originally where the tribe known as the Latins resided. Campania is a region in southern Italy that, during the Roman era, was highly respected as a place of culture by the emperors, where it balanced Greco-Roman culture. The four smaller insets show Tarentum, a detailed depiction of the southern-most area of Sicily, the country of Italy as a whole, and Syracusae. Map shows important cities, rivers, mountain ranges and other minor topographical detail. Countries and territories are designated with colored borders and each map includes a key or legend. The whole is rendered in finely engraved detail exhibiting throughout the fine craftsmanship of the Perthes firm.
Karl von Spruner (November 15, 1803 - August 24, 1892) or Spruner Karl von Merz or Spruneri was a Stuttgart born cartographer, scientist, and map publisher active in Germany during the middle part of the 19th century. Joining the Bavarian army at the tender age of 11, Spruner dedicated most of his life to military service. Spruner's superiors, recognizing his keen intellect, eventually assigned him to the army's cartographic division. Military education earned him the title of Doctor of Cartography in 1852. In 1855 he attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel and, in 1883, General. Cartographically, Spruner is best known for his historical atlases, most of which were published by the Justus Perthes firm. His much admired maps studiously applied historical political geographies to contemporary physical geographies. Spruner also worked with Heinrich Theodore Menke, a well-known German mapmaker, to produce and later revise his many historical maps. In 1886, after 72 years of professional military service, Spruner formally retired. He died seven years later in Munich in on August 24th of 1892.
Justus Perthes (1749 - 1812) was one of the most important German cartographic engravers of the 19th century. Perthes began his publishing empire with the 1784 issue of the famed survey of European nobility known as the Almanac de Gotha. In 1817 Perthes switched his focus to cartographic publishing. From 1817 to 1890 the Perthes firm would issue thousands of maps for more than 20 different atlases. Along with the visionary editors Stieler, Peterman, Meyer and Spruner, the Perthes firm pioneered the Hand Atlas. He also produced a number of important wall maps and case maps. Perthes maps are admired for their steel plate engraving, incredible detail, dedication to accuracy, and fine colorization. The Justus Perthes firm continues to produce maps and atlases to this day.
Spruner, Karl von, Spruner-Menke Atlas Antiquus,, (Gotha: Justus Perthes), 1865.
Very good. Original centerfold.
Rumsey 1626.011. Phillips (atlases) 3288. Espenhorst, J., Petermann's Planet, p. 397-404. Espenhorst, J., Andree, Stieler, Meyer & Co., p. 148.