1854 Spruner Map of Italy from 1450 to 1792

Italien von 1450 bis 1792.

1854 Spruner Map of Italy from 1450 to 1792


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Italien von 1450 bis 1792.
  1854 (dated)    14.5 x 17 in (36.83 x 43.18 cm)


This is Karl von Spruner's 1854 historical map of Italy from 1450 to 1792. The map covers all of Italy from the area of Venice to Malta, including the islands of Sicily, Corsica, and Sardinia. The map also features seven inset maps, one on the top right corner, three in the bottom right corner, and three in the bottom left corner. These insets detail Italy from 793 to 1815, La Valetta in Malta, Battle of Pavia on the 25th February, 1525, the Principalities of the Lower Po, Genoa with its surroundings, Venice and the lagoons of Torcello to Chioggia. Between 1494 and 1559, Italy witnessed a series of conflicts. These were mainly disputes over the Kingdom of Naples and the Dutchy of Milan, but quickly devolved into a greater struggle for power and territory. February 15, 1525 marks the date for the Battle of Pravia, when Francis I was be defeated and captured. This led to an alliance between Christian and Muslim Monarchs when Francis' mother sent a mission to the court of Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, a move that would cause scandal in the Christian world. France eventually renounced claims in Italy, Burgundy and Flanders when Francis signed the Treaty of Madrid in 1526. The whole is rendered in finely engraved detail exhibiting throughout the fine craftsmanship of the Perthes firm. Prepared by Karl Spruner for publication as plate It V in the second edition of Justus Perthes' 1854 Historich-Geographischer, Hand-Atlas zur Geschichte der Staaten europa's vom Anfang des Mittelalters bis auf die Neueste Zeit.


Karl von Spruner (November 15, 1803 - August 24, 1892) or Spruner Karl von Merz or Spruneri was a Stuttgart born cartographer, scientist, and map publisher active in Germany during the middle part of the 19th century. Joining the Bavarian army at the tender age of 11, Spruner dedicated most of his life to military service. Spruner's superiors, recognizing his keen intellect, eventually assigned him to the army's cartographic division. Military education earned him the title of Doctor of Cartography in 1852. In 1855 he attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel and, in 1883, General. Cartographically, Spruner is best known for his historical atlases, most of which were published by the Justus Perthes firm. His much admired maps studiously applied historical political geographies to contemporary physical geographies. Spruner also worked with Heinrich Theodore Menke, a well-known German mapmaker, to produce and later revise his many historical maps. In 1886, after 72 years of professional military service, Spruner formally retired. He died seven years later in Munich in on August 24th of 1892.

Justus Perthes (1749 - 1812) was one of the most important German cartographic engravers of the 19th century. Perthes began his publishing empire with the 1784 issue of the famed survey of European nobility known as the Almanac de Gotha. In 1817 Perthes switched his focus to cartographic publishing. From 1817 to 1890 the Perthes firm would issue thousands of maps for more than 20 different atlases. Along with the visionary editors Stieler, Peterman, Meyer and Spruner, the Perthes firm pioneered the Hand Atlas. He also produced a number of important wall maps and case maps. Perthes maps are admired for their steel plate engraving, incredible detail, dedication to accuracy, and fine colorization. The Justus Perthes firm continues to produce maps and atlases to this day.


Spruner, Karl, Historich-Geographischer, Hand-Atlas zur Geschichte der Staaten Europa's vom Anfang des Mittelalters bis auf die Neueste Zeit, 1854.    


Very good. Blank on verso. Original centerfold. Original platemark visible. Minor spotting bottom center, upper right and upper left quadrants.


Rumsey 2600.018. OCLC 4125021.