Proposed improvement of the Legal Quays and Parts Adjacent. (Drawing F2)
1800 (dated) 21 x 37 in (53.34 x 93.98 cm)
1 : 900
An extremely uncommon 1800 proposed plan by architect George Dance for the improvement of the Legal Quays, City of London. This map and plan covers roughly from London Bridge and Fish Hill Street to the Tower of London and from the Thames River to Great Tower Street and Little Tower Street. The London Street grid is present showing all streets and identifying major buildings. Where the improvements are intended, a darker printed is overlaid on the original street grid.
Around 1796 the House of Commons recognized that the current docks available in London were insufficient to meet the increased trade occurring along the Thames River. A call was put out to architects and city planners, many of whom submitted idea - the present example by George Dance being one such. Dance at this time was near the end of a long and prosperous architecture career that included the surviving façade of London's Guildhall. This revamping of London's Docks, had it been adopted and constructed, would have been the crowning glory of his career. Instead this construction was never completed and only this grand vision remains.
This map was engraved by Gale and Butler of Crooked Lane, London, for the Appendix to the Third Report of the Select Committee of the House of Commons upon the Improvement of the Port of London.
George Dance the Younger, (April 1, 1741 - January 14, 1825) was an English architect, surveyor and portraitist. Dance was born at his family home on Chiswell Street, London. He was the fifth son of a well-established architect and educated to follow in the family tradition. He studied at the St. Pauls School before departing on the Grand Tour and eventually spending six years studying architecture and draughtsmanship in Rome. He won several architecture awards in Italy and received his first commission there, to design two chimney pieces for Sir Robert Mainwaring. Dance returned to London and joined his father's architecture practice in 1765. In the same year his design was chosen to rebuild the All Hallows-on-the-Wall Church, Dance's first major project in London. He went on to complete numerous major constructions including the Royal College of Surgeons, Newgate Prison, St Luke's Hospital for Lunatics, and the Shakespeare Gallery in Pall Mall. Unfortunately most of these have been demolished. His most significant surviving work is the façade of London's Guildhall. In December of 1768 Dance was one of the Royal Academicians, founders of the Royal Academy. Dance largely retired in 1798 when he became a professor of architecture at the Royal Academy. Around this time he dedicated himself instead to portraiture to the extent that he did not deliver a single lecture at the academy. He was dismissed in 1805. Dance died at his home on 92 Grower Street, London, a site now marked with a plaque. His physical remains were interred at St. Paul's Cathedral.
Appendix to the Third Report of the Select Committee of the House of Commons upon the Improvement of the Port of London. (London) 1800.
Good. Remargined at right and left sides. Backed with archival tissue. Old ink stain from top.