This is an 1891 American Bank Note Company railroad map of Long Island. The map illustrates railroad connections between Brooklyn, Long Island City, and Boston, along with all the points in between and depicts the region from New Jersey to Boston and from Albany to Staten Island. The railroads are highlighted in red and trace the way from Brooklyn to Boston. The steamer 'Cape Charles' is used for the transfer across Long Island Sound. Trains left Boston and Brooklyn at approximately 11 p.m. nightly and arrived at their respective destinations by 7:30 a.m. the following morning. The map also highlights the entire Long Island Railroad, which extends the length of Long Island from Brooklyn and Long Island City to Greenport and Sag Harbor. Cities and towns throughout the region are labeled, particularly along the rail lines, including Hartford, New Haven, and Providence. Myriad points, necks, bays, and other coastal features are also identified.
Census and Publication HistoryThis map was created and engraved by the American Bank Note Company in 1891 and published in the Columbus Historical Guide for the City of New York. This is an extremely rare piece with only one example in an institutional collection at the Brooklyn Historical Society and no record of it ever entering the private market.
American Bank Note Company (1795 - present), known today simply as ABCorp, is an American corporation that traces its origins to the 1795 firm Murray, Draper, Fairman and Company, founded by Robert Scot, the first official engraver of the U.S. Mint. Initially the firm produced paper currency for the nation's thousands of state-chartered banks, superior quality stock and bond certificates, postage stamps (form 1879 - 1894), and other engraved and printed items, including maps. After the Panic of 1857, seven of the United States' most prominent securities printers merged, formally taking the name American Bank Note Company on April 29, 1858. Less than two years later, the remaining independent bank note printers merged to form the competing National Bank Note Company. When the US Treasury Department decided to circulate the first national paper currency at the outbreak of the Civil War, the American and National Bank Note Companies jointly received the contract, and, by the end of the war, had printed 7.25 million 'greenbacks'. Ironically, American and National were also producing paper money for the Confederacy. Following this first contract to print paper currency, American sought other contracts abroad, and ultimately supplied security paper and bank notes to 115 countries. In 1877, Congress passed a law establishing the U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing as sole producer of U.S. currency. This forced a second shake up in the security printing industry, and in 1879, American formally absorbed both the National Bank Note and Continental Bank Note Companies. Continental at the time held the contract to print U.S. postage stamps, which continued under the American aegis. American completed the final contract for the private printing of postage stamps in 1894, just after printing the popular Columbian Exposition stamps. Subsequent postage stamps were printed by the federally administered U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Persevering, in 1891 the American Bank Note Company began printing a new currency for a longtime client: the American Express 'Travelers Cheque'. American printed 9,120 USD worth of Travelers Cheques that first year. Today ABCorp provides secure payment, retail and ID cards, vital record and transaction documents, systems and services to governments and financial institutions, and is one of the largest producers of plastic transaction cards in the world. Learn More...
Sweet, C., 'The Columbus Historical Guide and Map of New York City', (Real Estate Record and Builders Guide: New York City) 1891.
Very good. Even overall toning. Light wear along original fold lines. Text on verso. Accompanied by original booklet.