1771 Bonne Map of Mexico (Texas), Louisiana and Florida

Carte du Mexique ou de la Nlle. Espagne Contenant aussi le Nouveau Mexique, la Californie, avec une Partie des Pays adjacents.

1771 Bonne Map of Mexico (Texas), Louisiana and Florida


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Carte du Mexique ou de la Nlle. Espagne Contenant aussi le Nouveau Mexique, la Californie, avec une Partie des Pays adjacents.
  1771 (dated)    12 x 16 in (30.48 x 40.64 cm)


A beautiful example of Rigobert Bonne's 1771 map of Mexico and Florida. Covers from Baja California eastward to Florida and Carolina, extend northwards as far as the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay and southwards to Panama. Bonne, being a very cautious cartographer, abandons many of the fictious elements common to many period maps of this region, thus most unexplored areas are left blank. Being primarily a map of Mexico and the Spanish holdings in North America, this excellent map details the various Mexican states naming countless towns, villages, and haciendas. The map extends northward into the vast and largely unknown American West. Identifies numerous missionary stations along the Rio Bravo or Rivera du Nord (Rio Grande) extending well northing to New Mexico towards Santa Fe. Also names the various American Indian groups who traded with the French in Louisiana. Southern Florida is rendered as an archipelago in a primitive attempt at describing the Everglades. Drawn by R. Bonne in 1771 for issue as plate no. C 32 in Jean Lattre's 1776 issue of the Atlas Moderne.


Rigobert Bonne (1727-1795 ) was one of the most important cartographers of the late 18th century. In 1773 he succeeded Jacques Bellin as Royal Cartographer to France in the office of the Hydrographer at the DepĂ´t de la Marine. Working in his official capacity Bonne compiled some of the most detailed and accurate maps of the period. Bonne's work represents an important step in the evolution of the cartographic ideology away from the decorative work of the 17th and early 18th century towards a more detail oriented and practical aesthetic. With regard to the rendering of terrain Bonne maps bear many stylistic similarities to those of his predecessor, Bellin. However, Bonne maps generally abandon such common 18th century decorative features such as hand coloring, elaborate decorative cartouches, and compass roses. While mostly focusing on coastal regions, the work of Bonne is highly regarded for its detail, historical importance, and overall aesthetic appeal.

Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France.


Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c. 1775.    


Very good condition. Original centerfold exhibits minor toning. Blank on verso.


Rumsey 2612.074. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.