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1860 Dufour Map of the United States and Mexico

Mexique Antilles et Californie. - Main View

1860 Dufour Map of the United States and Mexico



Mexique Antilles et Californie.
  1860 (dated)     23 x 31 in (58.42 x 78.74 cm)     1 : 11300000


This is a finely detailed large elephant folio 1860 map of the United States and Mexico on Mercator's projection by the French cartographer A. H. Dufour. It covers the entirety of the United States during the brief period following the Gold Rush but before the outbreak of the American Civil War.

The European influence of this map can be seen in the French (around San Antonio) and German (near Austin) colonies noted in Texas. Castroville appears as the major town in the 'Col. Francaise,' which extends west to the Frio River. The 'Col. Allemande' shows the Adelsverein's area between the Colorado and Llano Rivers with Fredericksburg as its primary town. An expansive West Texas presents a very wide Panhandle and Trans-Pecos region. Nebraska extends to the Canadian border.

Though this map postdates the Gadsden Purchase, the border is shown in the pre-Gadsden configuration. The eastern border of California is curiously defined by the Sierra Nevada range rather than by straight boundary lines. Interestingly, though clearly a map of the United States, California seems to be the focus of this map and is highlighted appropriately in both the map's title and with vivid full color. Most likely this is a reflection of European interest in the Gold Rush. The two inserts are of the French Caribbean island possessions, the remnants of France's once extensive New World Empire.

This map was prepared by Auguste-Henri Dufour and engraved by Charles Dyonette for publication plate no. 39 in Armand Le Chevalier's 1860 edition of Atlas Universel, Physique, Historique et Politique de Geographie Ancienne et Moderne.


Adolphe Hippolyte Dufour (1795 - 1865), also known as Auguste-Henri Dufour, was a Paris based map and atlas publisher active in the middle to late 19th century. Dufour claimed to be a student of another French cartographer, Emile Lapie. He is known to have worked with numerous other French cartographers, publishers, and engravers of the period including Andriveau-Goujon, Charles Dyonnet, and Duvotenay. His corpus includes numerous maps and atlases, the most striking of which is probably his monumental elephant folio Atlas Universel Physique, Historique et Politique Geographie Ancienne et Moderne. Dufour's student and successor was Alexandre Vuillemin. More by this mapmaker...

Charles Dyonnet (fl. c. 1822 - c. 1880) was an extremely active Paris based engraver working in the mid to late 19th century. From his offices at 220 Rue St. Jacques, Paris, Dyonnet engraved numerous maps for many of the most prominent 19th French cartographic publishers including Vuillemin, Dufour, Fremin and Duvotenay. From 1850-1861, he held the coveted position of "Graveur du D├ępot de la Marine," and in this position engraved numerous French naval and military maps. Dyonnet had a detail oriented and aesthetically minded hand and is responsible from some of the most beautiful French maps to emerge during the 19th century. Learn More...


Chevalier, A., Atlas Universel, Physique, Historique et Politique de Geographie Ancienne et Moderne, Paris 1860.     The 19th century French cartographer Auguste-Henri Dufour began publishing the dramatic elephant folio Atlas Universel, also occasionally titled Grand Atlas Universal, around 1855. Several editions appeared between its initial publication in the 1850s and a final run c. 1870. The 1863 and 1864 editions in particular are highly desirable among collectors because the United States and North America maps illustrate the proposed, but unrealized, state of Corona (roughly modern day Utah). The atlas contained roughly 40 maps, most of which were engraved by Louis Antoine (the maps) and Deletre (typography) under the supervision of Charles Dyonnet, official engraver of the Depot de la Marine. The Atlas Universal was published in Paris and edited by the firm of 'Paulin et le Chevalier,' 60 Rue Richelieu.


Very good. Minor wear along original fold lines. Minor spotting at places.


Rumsey 5020.043.