1862 Matz Map of the American Civil War Siege of Corinth, Mississippi

MontereyCorinth-matz-1862
$550.00
Map of the Country Between Monterey, Tenn. And Corinth,Miss. Showing the Lines of Entrenchments Made and the Routes Followed by the U.S. Forces under the Command of Maj. Gen'l. Halleck, U.S. Army, in Their Advance Upon Corinth, in May 1862.
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1862 Matz Map of the American Civil War Siege of Corinth, Mississippi

MontereyCorinth-matz-1862

Also known as the First Battle of Corinth, the Union Army seized the important railroad junction at Corinth, Mississippi.
$550.00

Title


Map of the Country Between Monterey, Tenn. And Corinth,Miss. Showing the Lines of Entrenchments Made and the Routes Followed by the U.S. Forces under the Command of Maj. Gen'l. Halleck, U.S. Army, in Their Advance Upon Corinth, in May 1862.
  1862 (dated)    30.75 x 24.75 in (78.105 x 62.865 cm)     1 : 31680

Description


This is a separate issue 1862 Otto H. Matz map of the movements of the troops under the command of Major General Henry Halleck leading to the capture of Corinth, Mississippi in May 1862 during the American Civil War. The map depicts the region from Cane Creek and the Tuscumbia River to Springer, Tennessee and Johnston, Mississippi and from Monterey, Tennessee to the George homestead in Mississippi. Illustrating the advance of the three armies under General Halleck's command, each route from the vicinity to Corinth is labeled, along with waypoints between the two towns where each army stopped to construct fortifications. Both Union and Confederate fortifications are illustrated, with Union fortifications noted in blue and Confederate fortifications surrounding Corinth illustrated in red. Fields and homesteads throughout this extremely rural portion of the country are illustrated and labeled, creating an intriguing image of how the Civil War invaded the lives of everyone, particularly in the South, even those who were not in uniform.

The Seige of Corinth, or the First Battle of Corinth

A 'tedious' advance influenced by the heavy losses at Shiloh, Halleck ordered his men to fortify positions all along their route, in case of a surprise attack by Confederate forces. Eventually Halleck and his armies reached Corinth, Mississippi, an important rail junction where the Mobile and Ohio Railroad and the Memphis and Charleston Railroad met. Rail transportation played an integral role throughout the entire Civil War, making rail junctions, like the one at Corinth, important strategic targets for both sides. The Confederate commander at Corinth, General P.G.T. Beauregard, knew that his force was outnumbered and suffering from disease. This made the effective defense of the city nearly impossible and could lead to the utter destruction or capture of his army.

Beauregard, in a brilliant tactical move, tricked the Union commanders and managed to spirit away his army by night. Beauregard managed this by giving some of his men three days' rations and ordering them to prepare for an attack. This order, as expected, made its way to Union forces by way of a Confederate soldier or two. Beauregard then launched an artillery bombardment, a move that usually preceded a battle. However, instead of fighting, on the night of May 29, Beauregard withdrew his army to Tupelo, Mississippi, and took advantage of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad to evacuate the sick and wounded, using fake camp fires and dummy guns in the defensive works to maintain the ruse. When Union patrols entered Corinth of May 30, they found the city deserted. Beauregard and his army had lived to fight another day.

This map was surveyed by Frederick Schraag and Charles Spangenberg, drawn by Otto H. Matz, and published in 1862. While represented in institutional collections, this map is rarely seen on the market.

CartographerS


Otto H. Matz (March 8, 1830 - March 8, 1919) was an American architect and an American Civil War veteran. Born in Berlin, Matz arrived in Chicago in 1854 and became an architect for the Illinois Central Railroad and the Chicago and Alton Railroad. Matz designed the first Union Station built in Chicago, that was unfortunately destroyed by the great Chicago fire of 1871. He served as an engineer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, during which he was a member of the staffs of Generals Fremont, Hallock, and Grant. He worked on the plans fro the capture of Vicksburg and entered the city with General Grant. After the war, Matz returned to Chicago and acted as the school architect of Chicago from 1869 until 1871. After the Chicago fire, Matz participated in the competition for a contract to construct the new city hall and county buildings and won first prize, though he was not awarded the contract. In 1892, Matz was the County Architect and was responsible for building the criminal court building. Matz married Mary Elizabeth Lewis on October 26th, 1857, with whom he had two sons and a daughter. Matz's obituary in the Chicago Tribune that three of his grandsons served in World War I.


Charles Spangenberg (fl. c. 1862 – 1864) was an assistant topographical engineer active with the Union Army during the American Civil War. His name is attached to at least one important Civil War manuscript maps, that being a map of the Battle of Vicksburg. He may be the same Charles Spangenberg who moved with his brother Frederick Spangenberg to Woodbury Minnesota, possibly benefiting from a Civil War pension, in 1869. If so, the farmhouse he built is now on the national register of Historic places.


Julius (Julien) Bien (September 27, 1826 - December 21, 1909) was a German-Jewish lithographer and engraver based in New York City. Bien was born in Naumburg, Germany. He was educated at the Academy of Fine Arts, Cassell and at Städel's Institute, Frankfurt-am-Main. Following the suppression of the anti-autocratic German Revolutions of 1848, Bien, who participated in the pan-German movement, found himself out of favor in his home country and joined the mass German immigration to the United States. Bien can be found in New York as early as 1849. He established the New York Lithographing, Engraving & Printing Company in New York that focused on the emergent chromo-lithograph process - a method of printing color using lithographic plates. His work drew the attention of the U.S. Government Printing Office which contracted him to produce countless government maps and surveys, including the Pacific Railroad Surveys, the census, numerous coast surveys, and various maps relating to the American Civil War. Bien also issued several atlases both privately and in conjunction with a relation, Joseph Bien. At the height of his career Bien was elected president of the American Lithographers Association. After his death in 1909, Bien's firm was taken over by his son who promptly ran it to insolence. The firm was sold to Sheldon Franklin, who, as part of the deal, readied the right to printer under the Julius Bien imprint. In addition to his work as a printer, Bien was active in the New York German Jewish community. He was director of the New York Hebrew Technical Institute, the New York Hebrew Orphan Asylum, and president of the B'nai B'rith Order.

Condition


Very good. Even overall toning. Blank on verso.

References


LOC G3984.C8S5 1862 .M3. Stephenson, R. W., Civil War Maps; an Annotated List of Maps and Atlases in Map Collections of the Library of Congress, 267. OCLC 751882151.
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