A Map of the State of New Jersey with part of the adjoining states compiled under the Patronage of the Legislature of said State by Thomas Gordon 1828.
1828 (dated) 55 x 34 in (139.7 x 86.36 cm)
1 : 190000
A seminal production, this is the first edition, first state, of Thomas Gordon's impressive wall map of New Jersey. This is the first large scale map of New Jersey to be printed in the United States. Gordon's map, issued at the behest of the New Jersey legislature, illustrates the entire state with but 14 counties noted. It further notes towns, cities, townships, mills, forges, taverns and important residences. It also includes portions of Adjacent New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. Overall the map is astoundingly accurate, composed as it as, from countless highly detailed regional surveys. There are no errors of more than 3/4 of a mile.
The New Jersey legislature recognized the need for an updated and accurate state map as year as 1799, when it established a corporation focused on producing a large scale map of the state. Although unsuccessful, this first initiative paved the way for a second act of legislature passed in 1822 to 'encourage the formation of an accurate state sponsored Map of the State of New Jersey. The bill set aside 1000 USD, which was given in advance to Trenton surveyor Thomas Gordon who used the funds to finance this enormous and highly scientific production.
Gordon turned to the well-known Philadelphia map engraver Henry S. Tanner to synthesize his massive survey into single attractive map. Tanner, a national expert on the state map, wrote of Gordon's work,
This portion of my map [New Jersey], as well as the adjoining part of New York and Pennsylvania, is rom the able and scientific map of Thomas Gordon, which is projected and drawn on a scale of three miles to an inch, and is exceedingly minute and particular. This admirable map, which must have cost its author much time and money, was compiled partly from surveys made by Mr. Gordon, combined with others collected by him during the progress of his work and published in 1828.
The map thus proved a great success. Over the next several years the legislature acquired some 250 copies, which were distributed to government offices throughout the state. This would not have been sufficient on its own to support the manufacture of the map, so Gorden placed a prospectus advertisement in the July to December1827 edition of The Port Folio, Vol II of Hall's Second Series
, at page 158-159, which states:
Thomas Gordon, Esq. of Trenton, proposes to publish by subscription, an accurate map of the state of New Jersey, with part of the adjoining states; this map is compiled from original materials, procured from the most authentic sources, and where these failed, they have been supplied by actual surveys, so that no reasonable expense or pains have been spared to render this map acceptable to the public. It is projected on a scale of three miles to an inch, forming a map of thirty-three by fifty-seven inches, on which is exhibited all the counties and townships in the state, with the waters, canals, roads, cities, towns, churches, mills, mountains, &e. in the most conspicuous manner; this work is now in the hands of a very skilful map engraver, and will be issued in October next.
It is unclear how many private buyers Gordon was able to solicit from this advertisement.
An updated reissue was prepared by Gordon and Tanner in 1833. Thereafter, reissued published in 1849, 1850, 1853, and 1854 were prepared by Robert E. Horner and engraved by Edward Yeager. Gordon's map was finally supplemented by William Kitchell's larger map in 1860. A must for any New Jersey collection. As a further side note, Rumsey observes that this map, being more commonly dissected, is quite scarce in wall map format.
Thomas Gordon (September 23, 1778 - 1848) was a Trenton-based judge, lawyer, surveyor and cartographer. Gordon was born in Amwell New Jersey and relocated as a young man to the larger city of Trenton. He studied law and mathematics and subsequently set up practices, as was not uncommon at the time, in both law and surveying. He is best known in cartographic circles for his production of an impressive wall map of New Jersey - the first government sponsored state map of that state. Gordon died and was buried in Trenton, New Jersey.
Henry Schenk Tanner (1786 - May 18, 1858) was one of the preeminent American map engravers and publishers of the early 19th century - what is considered to be the "Golden Age of American Map Publishing". Born in New York City but based in Philadelphia, Tanner's forty plus year career was almost entirely focused on cartographic work. His earliest map work appears in conjunction with another important map publisher, John Melish. Early in his career, Tanner partnered with his brother Benjamin, to engrave extensively for Melish as well as other Philadelphia publishers including Lucas Fielding (Baltimore), A. Bourne, Jason Torey, Samuel Harrison, and Samuel Lewis, among others. In 1818 Tanner convinced his fellow publishers and partners to finance the compilation of a New American Atlas. The atlas was sold by subscription and slowly emerged between 1819 and 1823. The New American Atlas, possibly the pinnacle of 19th century American cartography and was commended in its day as "one of the most splendid works of the kind ever executed in this country". It was subsequently republished in several updated editions until about 1939. Tanner had by this time become the most active and influential map publisher in the United States. Around 1832, recognizing the market for a less cost prohibitive atlas, Tanner began work on the smaller format New Universal Atlas. This popular and important atlas went through numerous editions before being bought out by Carey and Hart, and then, in 1846, by S. A. Mitchell, who would rise to become the preeminent publisher of the next generation. In addition to these important atlases, Tanner also issued numerous extremely important and influential travelers guides, state maps, wall maps, and pocket maps. He should not be confused with his brother, also an America map engraver, the New Yorker Benjamin Tanner.
Very good. Professionally restored and backed on fresh linen.
Rumsey, 2273.000, Tanner, H. S., Memoir on the Recent Surveys, Observations, and Internal Improvements, in the United States.. , page 26. Delaney, J., Nova Caesarea: A Cartographic Record of the Garden State 1666 - 1888, pages 47 - 50. Snyder, J. P., Mapping of New Jersey, pp. 94-99.