New - York City County, and Vicinity.
1866 (dated) 25 x 18 in (63.5 x 45.72 cm)
1 : 23000
This is a rare 1866 map or plan of New York City by Matthew Dripps. It covers the entire island of Manhattan as well as parts of Brooklyn, Queens, Hoboken and Jersey City. Shows the city in considerable detail with all streets and, in Manhattan, block numbers clearly shown. The northern portion of Manhattan in included in an inset along the left border. The names and tracts of Manhattan's original land owners are superimposed over the grid. Where Columbia University now stands, this map reveals a 19th century Lunatic Asylum. In Queens, Dripps labels Hunters Point and shows the beginnings of the Long Island Railroad. Astoria is well delineated. Central Park is mapped detail exhibiting the fully glory of Olmstead's plan.
The mid-19th century was a dynamic period in urban development of New York City. Under the governance of Tammany Hall and the corrupt 'Boss' Tweed, New York City had become a melange of extremes. By 1864 the Five Points had devolved into the world's most notoriously dangers slum, while further north the high ideals and design genius of Frederick Law Olmstead and Calvert Vaux created Central Park, the world's first and possibly finest planned public recreation area. Meanwhile, across the East River, Brooklyn, Greenpoint, and Williamsburg consolidated into a single city, becoming in the process the third largest city in the United States, and setting the stage for the emergence of the modern New York City.
Dated 1866 under the title, the copyright at the bottom left reads 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1860 by M. Dripps in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.' Prepared by Matthew Dripps for issued in David Valentine's 1866 Manual of the Common Council of New York.
Matthew Dripps was a New York based map publisher working the middle to later part of the 19th century. He is best known for his numerous maps of New York City, but also has to his credit several maps of Brooklyn and New York State. Dripps had his offices at 105 Fulton Street, New York City. Curiously, for a fairly prominent New York publisher, little is known of his life beyond his obvious work.
David T. (Thomas) Valentine (1801 - 1869) served as the Clerk of the Common Council of New York City. He edited and published a series of New York City almanacs and fact books entitled Manual of the Corporation Of The City of New York. Valentine's Manual, as it came to be called, included facts about the City of New York, city council information, city history, and reported on the progress of public works such as Central Park. The production of this annual manual was the responsibility of the Clerk of the City of New York, a position held at different times by D. Valentine and by Joseph Shannon, who also produced a similar manual. Valentine used his manual to reproduce some of the rarest and most important maps of New York City ever created.
Valentine, D., Valentine's Manual of the Corporation of the City of New York, (1866 edition).
Very good. Printed on onion skin paper. Original fold lines exhibits some toning and wear. Minor spotting here and there. Professionally flattened and backed with archival tissue for stability.
Haskell, D., Manhattan Maps: A Co-operative List, 1154.