Nord America zur Ubersicht der Entdeckung, Eroberung und Colonisation.
1855 (undated) 13 x 17 in (33.02 x 43.18 cm)
This is Karl von Spruner's 1855 map of North America, with an overview of its 'discovery, conquest and colonization.' Nation states, European possessions, and overlapping indigenous peoples' territories are named and color coded, with historical notes appearing throughout. This map is especially noteworthy for its treatment of the southwest. Mexico and Upper California are defined as a single large territory with the California Gold Region noted. Spruner also includes an interesting notation regarding the mysterious location of Aztlan, the legendary homeland of the Aztec peoples. Three inset maps are included: clockwise starting on the far right, The East Coast of North America in the 17th century; at the bottom middle, Haiti showing its French/Spanish boundary, and in the lower left corner, Louisiana and the East Coast colonies in the 18th century. Relief is shown by hachures, and the finely engraved detail throughout exhibits the exquisite craftsmanship for which the Perthes firm is best known. Justus Perthes published the map as plate number 14 in Dr. Karl von Spruner's 1855 Historisch-Geographischer Hand-Atlas zur Geschichte Asiens, Africa's, America's und Australiens, also known as Histor. Atlas. Ausser Europa.
Karl von Spruner (November 15, 1803 - August 24, 1892) or Spruner Karl von Merz or Spruneri was a Stuttgart born cartographer, scientist, and map publisher active in Germany during the middle part of the 19th century. Joining the Bavarian army at the tender age of 11, Spruner dedicated most of his life to military service. Spruner's superiors, recognizing his keen intellect, eventually assigned him to the army's cartographic division. Military education earned him the title of Doctor of Cartography in 1852. In 1855 he attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel and, in 1883, General. Cartographically, Spruner is best known for his historical atlases, most of which were published by the Justus Perthes firm. His much admired maps studiously applied historical political geographies to contemporary physical geographies. Spruner also worked with Heinrich Theodore Menke, a well-known German mapmaker, to produce and later revise his many historical maps. In 1886, after 72 years of professional military service, Spruner formally retired. He died seven years later in Munich in on August 24th of 1892.
Justus Perthes (1749 - 1812) was one of the most important German cartographic engravers of the 19th century. Perthes began his publishing empire with the 1784 issue of the famed survey of European nobility known as the Almanac de Gotha. In 1817 Perthes switched his focus to cartographic publishing. From 1817 to 1890 the Perthes firm would issue thousands of maps for more than 20 different atlases. Along with the visionary editors Stieler, Peterman, Meyer and Spruner, the Perthes firm pioneered the Hand Atlas. He also produced a number of important wall maps and case maps. Perthes maps are admired for their steel plate engraving, incredible detail, dedication to accuracy, and fine colorization. The Justus Perthes firm continues to produce maps and atlases to this day.
Spruner, Karl von, Historisch-Geographischer Hand-Atlas zur Geschichte Asiens, Africa's, America's und Australiens. (Gotha: Justus Perthes), 1855.
Very good. Original centerfold.
Phillips (atlases) 151. National Library of Australia, MAP Ra 140 Plate 14.