1634 Blaeu Map of New England and the New Netherlands: First Edition!

Nova Belgica Et Anglia Nova. - Main View

1634 Blaeu Map of New England and the New Netherlands: First Edition!


The first edition of one of the most distinctive maps of the Dutch Golden Age.


Nova Belgica Et Anglia Nova.
  1634 (undated)     15.25 x 20 in (38.735 x 50.8 cm)     1 : 3300000


This is the rare 1634 first atlas edition of Willem Blaeu's foundational map of the American Northeast, presenting the regions settled by the Dutch (New Netherlands) and the English (New England). Uniquely oriented to the west, Blaeu's map covers the American coast from Virginia, past New York and Long Island to Cape Cod, New England, and Quebec. The map is the first of the region to depict the fur-bearing and food animals of the region accurately, and it does so in profusion. Between this imagery and the fleet of trade ships heading towards the coast, the decorative elements vividly emphasize the region's resource wealth.
Adriaen Block's Map
This map is cartographically derived from data accumulated by Adriaen Block and other Dutch fur traders active in the early 17th century. Burden writes:
This important map was one of the most attractive of the Americas at the time. It is noted for the fact that its primary source is the first manuscript map of Adriaen Block, 1614. Indeed, it is the first full representation of it in print. It is one of the earliest to name Nieu Amsterdam. Block, a Dutch fur trader, explored the area between Cape Cod and Manhattan, examining the bays and rivers along the way. This helped to create an accurate picture of the longitudinal scale of the coastline. His manuscript map was the first document to delineate an insular Manhattan; it also provides the earliest appearance of Manhates and Nieu Nederland.
Despite the early year of the Block manuscript, it would be at least 15 years before Blaeu began work on the printed version. The Stokes Collection in New York possesses an example of the map on thicker paper without text on the reverse, which could be a proof issue, to which an estimated date of 1630 has been attributed.
Blaeu's Updates
Blaeu's map is not a slavish copy of the Block chart. Some of these changes could be accounted for by the fact that the surviving map is not the original and that the copyist omitted some place names referred to in the text of de Laet's work. Block drew on Champlain's map of 1612 for the depiction of the lake named after him, here named Lacus Irocoisiensis, referencing the Five Nations (Iroquois League). The eastward displacement of this lake from its true position north of the Hudson River is a testament to the extent to which the Dutch and the French were not sharing information.
Interesting Toponomy
Some nomenclature has its origins in Blaeu's second Paskaert of c. 1630, and others, such as Manatthans, in de Laet. The English colony of Nieu Pleimouth is identified. This and other English names along that part of the coast are largely derived from Smith's 1616 New England. Cape Cod is here improved over the Block manuscript by being reconnected to the mainland, the narrow strait having been removed. The coastline between here and Narragansett Bay, which can be clearly recognized, is not so accurate. Adriaen Blocx Eylandt leads us to the Versche Rivier, or Connecticut River, which Block ascended as far as possible. 't Lange Eyland is named; however, it is incorrectly too far east, being applied to what is possibly Fishers Island. De Groote Bay marks Long Island Sound. The Hudson River is still not named as such but is littered with Dutch settlements, and the failed Fort Nassau is here depicted and renamed as Fort Orange. He does, however, improve on the direction of its flow. Blaeu separates the sources of the Hudson and Delaware Rivers, which had been causing some confusion. Nieu Amsterdam is correctly marked as a fort at the tip of an island separated on the east side by Hellegat, or the East River. The coastline south of Sandy Hook also shows signs of improvement.
A Decorative Trailblazer
Blaeu's map was the first of the region to depict, reasonably accurately, the fauna of the northeast. The whole is adorned by deer, foxes, bears, egrets, rabbits, cranes, and turkeys. Beavers, polecats, and otters appear here for the first time on a printed map. The map also includes an engraving of a Mohawk village at the top right, loosely derived from the De Bry-White engravings. The impact of these decorative flourishes was widespread in the map trade: Jansson's map of the same region, derived from the 1630 De Laet, had shared its predecessor's Spartan aesthetic. Almost immediately after the 1634 publication of the Blaeu map, Jansson reworked his own map, copying wholesale virtually all the decorative elements of this map.
Publication History and Census
This map was engraved as early as 1630 and first appeared in Blaeu's atlas in the German edition of 1634. It remained a staple of Blaeu's atlases and was included in every edition of the firm's output until its dissolution in 1672. It appears in only one state. Consequently, the map is well represented in institutional collections, but the present example conforms typographically to that first 1634 edition of Blaeu's Novus Atlas, das ist, Welt-beschreibung and this is quite rare, appearing only once in OCLC at the Staatliche Bibliothek Regensburg. This edition is seldom seen on the market.


Willem Janszoon Blaeu (1571 - October 18, 1638), also known as Guillaume Blaeu and Guiljelmus Janssonius Caesius, was a Dutch cartographer, globemaker, and astronomer active in Amsterdam during the late 16th and early 17th centuries. Blaeu was born 'Willem Janszoon' in Alkmaar, North Holland to a prosperous herring packing and trading family of Dutch Reformist faith. As a young man, he was sent to Amsterdam to apprentice in the family business, but he found the herring trade dull and instead worked for his cousin 'Hooft' as a carpenter and clerk. In 1595, he traveled to the small Swedish island of Hven to study astronomy under the Danish Enlightenment polymath Tycho Brahe. For six months he studied astronomy, cartography, instrument making, globe making, and geodesy. He returned to Alkmaar in 1596 to marry and for the birth of his first son, Johannes (Joan) Blaeu (1596 – 1673). Shortly thereafter, in 1598 or 1599, he relocated his family to Amsterdam where he founded the a firm as globe and instrument makers. Many of his earliest imprints, from roughly form 1599 - 1633, bear the imprint 'Guiljelmus Janssonius Caesius' or simply 'G: Jansonius'. In 1613, Johannes Janssonius, also a mapmaker, married Elizabeth Hondius, the daughter of Willem's primary competitor Jodocus Hondius the Elder, and moved to the same neighborhood. This led to considerable confusion and may have spurred Willam Janszoon to adopt the 'Blaeu' patronym. All maps after 1633 bear the Guiljelmus Blaeu imprint. Around this time, he also began issuing separate issue nautical charts and wall maps – which as we see from Vermeer's paintings were popular with Dutch merchants as decorative items – and invented the Dutch Printing Press. As a non-Calvinist Blaeu was a persona non grata to the ruling elite and so he partnered with Hessel Gerritsz to develop his business. In 1619, Blaeu arranged for Gerritsz to be appointed official cartographer to the VOC, an extremely lucrative position that that, in the slightly more liberal environment of the 1630s, he managed to see passed to his eldest son, Johannes. In 1633, he was also appointed official cartographer of the Dutch Republic. Blaeu's most significant work is his 1635 publication of the Theatrum orbis terrarum, sive, Atlas Novus, one of the greatest atlases of all time. He died three years later, in 1638, passing the Blaeu firm on to his two sons, Cornelius (1616 - 1648) and Johannes Blaeu (September 23, 1596 - December 21, 1673). Under his sons, the firm continued to prosper until the 1672 Great Fire of Amsterdam destroyed their offices and most of their printing plates. Willem's most enduring legacy was most likely the VOC contract, which ultimately passed to Johannes' son, Johannes II, who held the position until 1617. As a hobbyist astronomer, Blaeu discovered the star now known as P. Cygni. More by this mapmaker...

Adriaen Block (c. 1567 – 1627) was a Dutch private trader, privateer, and ship's captain best known for exploring the coastal and river valley areas between present-day New Jersey and Massachusetts between 1611 to 1614. He is associated with possibly having named Block Island, Rhode Island, and establishing early trade with the Native Americans. The 1614 map of his last voyage provided the basis for Willem Blaeu's Nova Belgica et Anglia Nova, which would present many European readers with their first image of the mid-Atlantic region appear for the first time. The term 'New Netherland' appeared on the Block chart for the first time.

Though his childhood is obscure to us, by 1590 Block appears to have been active in the European shipping trade and by 1601, he had sailed as far as the Dutch East Indies. By 1604 he had been granted Letters of Marque from Dutch authorities to capture enemy ships, on which he seems to have made good at least once. Reports of Hudson's 1609 voyage to the Hudson Valley led Block to make three journeys to the same vicinity and its surrounds. He would be the first known European to sail through Hell Gate and explore the East River, and one of the first to explore Long Island Sound. Learn More...


Blaeu, W., Novus Atlas, das ist, Welt-beschreibung, (Amsterdam: Blaeu) 1634.     The classic Dutch atlas, whose publication ushered in the Dutch golden age of cartography. Willem Jansz Blaeu had been, since 1604, producing engraved maps for sale; these were separate issues (and all consequently extremely rare) until the publishing of Blaeu's Appendix in 1630 and 1631, which also included a number of maps purchased from the widow of Jodocus Hondius, (for example his famous iteration of John Smith's map of Virginia.) In 1634, he announced his intention to produce a new world atlas in two volumes, entitled Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, sive Atlas Novus (in an effort to invoke the successful work of the same title produced by Ortelius the previous century, while reinforcing the notion of it being a new work.) This work was published first in German in 1634, followed by Latin, Dutch and French editions in 1635. Blaeu's maps have always been noted for the quality of their paper, engraving and fine coloring, and this was the intent from the very start. The 1634 announcement of the upcoming work described it: 'All editions on very fine paper, completely renewed with newly engraved copperplates and new, comprehensive descriptions.' (van der Krogt, p,43) Many of the most beautiful and desirable maps available to the modern collector were printed and bound in Blaeu's atlases. Willem's son, Joan, would go on to add further volumes to the Atlas Novus, concurrently printing new editions of the first two volumes with additional maps, in effect making these new editions an entirely new book. Under Joan there would be nine Latin editions, twelve French, at least seven Dutch, and two German. This exceedingly successful work would be the mainstay of the Blaeu firm until 1661, at which point the work was supplanted by Joan Blaeu's masterwork Atlas Maior in 1662.


Very good. Expert mend to wormholes at centerfold with manuscript reinstatement of affected rhumb line, and one letter. Some printer's ink residue, else a bold, sharp example commensurate with a first printing.


OCLC 46842203. Burden, P., The Mapping of North America, 241. Van der Krogt, P., Koeman's Atlantes Neerlandici, 9310:2. Schwartz, S. and Ehrenberg, R., The Mapping of America,pl.58, p.103. McCorkle, B. B, New England in Early Printed Maps 1513 - 1800, 635.1.