1871 (undated) 8 x 10 in (20.32 x 25.4 cm)
This is a wonderful whimsical 1871 manuscript map of the Austrian Empire. Hand-drawn by J. C. Sikkel, the map covers the territories claimed by the once vast Austrian Empire, including in whole or part of the modern day nations of Austria, Hungary, Germany, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The map shows beautifully rendered topography, with cities, towns, rivers, and provinces identified.
The Austrian empire, founded in 1804 by the last Holy Roman emperor, Francis II, lasted only till 1866. It was transformed into the Austro-Hungarian Empire after Austria was defeated in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866.
Schoolgirl maps began appearing in England and the United States in the later part of the 18th and the early 19th century. These wonderful, fascinating, and often whimsical maps are the product of a radical change in the education of women taking place at this time. Girl's schools, which formally concentrated only on the "womanly arts," began to see a need to education women in such subjects as geography, mathematics, and science. This transition occurred at a period of globalization, prosperity, and colonization. Men were ever more frequently called away from home by the exigencies of war, economy, and the administration of global empires. Women were thus left in control of their lives and finances on the home front. The education system of the period responded to these changes by advancing studies for women in history, geography, and hard sciences. Unfortunately, many of these progressive schools were highly underfunded and lacked proper educational materials such as maps and books. One way of adapting was to learn geography by copying maps and atlases borrowed from other institutions. Schoolgirl maps appear in a variety of formats, including embroidery, painting on cloth, and drawings on paper, ivory, and wood. Many schoolgirl maps are must be considered as much folk art as cartography.
Very good. Minor spotting.