This is a fine example of J. Migeon's 1878 map of the Province of Oran, Algeria. The Department of Oran existed from 1848 to 1962 and was one of the three administrative districts of French Algeria. The lower right quadrant contains a legend while the left and right side of the map includes decorative engravings illustrating the landscape and the town of Oran and the indigenous Algerians.
After being captured by the French in 1830, Algeria became an attractive destination for european immigrants. However the majority indigenous Muslim population was dissatisfied with the French dominated political system. This dissatisfaction would ultimately trigger the Algerian War leading to Algeria's independence.
Migeon identifies various rivers, mountain passes, lakes and other topographical features. Migeon's Geographie Universelle, published in Paris, is one of the last great decorative atlases of the 19th century. It contains many stylistic elements of early 19th century cartography such as full hand coloring, numerous decorative vignettes, and high quality paper. This map was issued in Migeon's Geographie Universelle.
J. Migeon (fl. c. 1855 - 1899) was a late 19th century map publisher based in Paris, France. At various times Migeon maintained offices at76, Rue de la Harpe, 34 Rue du Chemin des Plantes, and 11 Rue du Moulin Vert, all in Paris. His most prominent publications are the Geographie Universal in 1854 (updated through 1874) and the Nouvel Atlas Illustré de Géographie Universelle in 1891. Little is known of Migeon's life and even his first name is uncertain.
Alexandre Aimé Vuillemin (1812 - 1880) was an engraver, publisher, and editor based in Paris, France in the middle of the 19th century. Despite a prolific publishing career, much of Vuillemin's life is shrouded in mystery. In 1852, he married Josephine Caroline Goret and they had at least one child, Ernestine Adèle Vuillemin, later in the same year. What is known is that his studied under the prominent French Auguste Henri Dufour (1798 - 1865). Vuillemin's most important work his detailed, highly decorative large format Atlas Illustre de Geographie Commerciale et Industrielle.
Migeon, J., Geographie Universelle (Paris) 1878.
Very good. Original centerfold. Blank on verso.